Flashcards in Cancer Deck (13):
Important factors in a cancer history?
Personal facts - age and gender
Diagnosis - Grade and stage
Treatments given in order
Most recent treatment
PMH, DH, FH, SH
What are the different treatment options for cancer (how is it split up between the different stages of cancer)
- Hormone therapy
- Debulking surgery
Curable with systemic chemotherapy
Grade and stage?
Stage - how far
Grade - how undifferentiated
What is adjuvant chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy that is given when it is suspected the cancer will return.
S/Es of radiotherapy?
Fatigue, localised soreness, pulmonary fibrosis
Examples of chemosensitive cancers?
Reasons why chemotherapy doesn't work?
Resistant to that chemotherapy
Can't tolerate the chemo
Sanctuary sights - chemo can't reach it e.g.
Common side effects of chemo?
Think of areas with constantly dividing cells:
Bone marrow - Anaemia, thrombocytopaenia,
What is neutropaenic sepsis? Treatment (SGH)
Reduction in production of white cells
Implications for cerebellar metastases on the patients life?
Cannot drive - at risk of seizures
Triple assessment for breast cancer diagnosis?
Imaging - mommogram, MRI
Therapies used to treat breast cancer?
Hormone therapy - Tamoxifen
Biological therapies - Herceptin