Capitulo 9.2 Flashcards Preview

Spanish 102 > Capitulo 9.2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Capitulo 9.2 Deck (44):
2

mantener

to maintain

3

el sudar

sweat

4

la cantidad

quantity

5

reponer

replace, restore

6

la fuente

source

7

reponer

replace, restore

8

además

furthermore, besides

9

deshidratan, deshidratación

dehydrate, dehydration

10

tanta

so much

11

suficiente

sufficient

12

Qué susto

What a scare

13

agradecer

grateful, thankful

14

el imperio

empire

15

las civilizaciones

civilizations

16

se encontraba

it was located

17

pertenecer

to pertain, to appertain, to belong

18

la leyenda

legend

19

las joyas

jewels

20

te (4)

you (informal) do; to you (informal) id; for you (informal) id; yourself (informal) reflexive

21

les (4)

to you all id (plural); for you all (plural); to them; for them

22

nos (4)

us do; to us id; for us id; ourselves reflexive

23

me (4)

me do; to me id; for me id; myself reflexive

24

lo (3)

you (formal) do; him; it

25

los (3)

you all do; them; you

26

os (4)

you all do; to you all id; for you all id; yourselves reflexive

27

las (3)

you all do; them; you

28

la (3)

you (formal) do; her; it

29

se (18)

replace le/la as id = to you (formal); for you (formal); to him; to her; for him; for herreplace les as id; to you all; for you all;to them; for them; to you; for youreflexive; yourself (formal); himself; herself; yourselves; themselves; yourselves

30

olvidarse (de)

to forget something

31

placement of direct object pronouns

before the verb at the end of infinitiveafter present participles (ando, endo, iendo)

32

placement of reflexive pronouns

before the verbat the end of infinitiveafter present participle (ando, endo, iendo)

33

order of pronouns

indirect object, direct object

34

uses of the preterit (5)

relate and event or occurrence that refers to ONE SPECIFIC TIME IN THE PASTto relate an act BEGUN OR COMPLETED IN THE PASTto relate a SEQUENCE OF EVENTS OF ACTIONS, each completed and moving the narrative along toward its conclusionto relate an action that took place within a specified or SPECIFIC AMOUNT (segment) OF TIMEto relate the central action

35

uses of the imperfect (6)

to express HABITUAL or often REPEATED ACTIONSto express WAS/WERE + INGto provide BACKGROUND information; set the stage; to express a pre-existing conditionto TELL TIME in the pastto describe physical and emotional states of characteristicsto describe descriptive details of the central action

36

lo que

that which

37

o sea

rather

38

un cuento de hadas

fairy tale

39

el bosque

the forest

40

equivocarse

to be mistaken

41

darse cuenta

to realize

42

hace + period of time + que + verb in the present tenseHace cuatro días que tengo la gripe.

an action that began in the past but is ongoing in the present

43

cuánto (tiempo) + hace + que + verb in the present tenseCuántos años hace que estudias medicina?

to ask how long something has been going on

44

hace + period of time + que + verb in the preteritverb in the preterit + hace + period of timeHace cuatro años que empecé a estudiar medicina.Empecé a estudiar medicina hace cuatro años.

to tell how long ago something happened

45

cuánto (tiempo) + hace + que + verb in the preteritCuánto tiempo hace que empezaste a estudiar medicina?

to ask how long ago something happened