Capitulo 9.4 Flashcards Preview

Spanish 102 > Capitulo 9.4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Capitulo 9.4 Deck (44):
2

to maintain

mantener

3

sweat

el sudar

4

quantity

la cantidad

5

replace, restore

reponer

6

source

la fuente

7

replace, restore

reponer

8

furthermore, besides

además

9

dehydrate, dehydration

deshidratan, deshidratación

10

so much

tanta

11

sufficient

suficiente

12

What a scare

Qué susto

13

grateful, thankful

agradecer

14

empire

el imperio

15

civilizations

las civilizaciones

16

it was located

se encontraba

17

to pertain, to appertain, to belong

pertenecer

18

legend

la leyenda

19

jewels

las joyas

20

you (informal) do; to you (informal) id; for you (informal) id; yourself (informal) reflexive

te (4)

21

to you all id (plural); for you all (plural); to them; for them

les (4)

22

us do; to us id; for us id; ourselves reflexive

nos (4)

23

me do; to me id; for me id; myself reflexive

me (4)

24

you (formal) do; him; it

lo (3)

25

you all do; them; you

los (3)

26

you all do; to you all id; for you all id; yourselves reflexive

os (4)

27

you all do; them; you

las (3)

28

you (formal) do; her; it

la (3)

29

replace le/la as id = to you (formal); for you (formal); to him; to her; for him; for herreplace les as id; to you all; for you all;to them; for them; to you; for youreflexive; yourself (formal); himself; herself; yourselves; themselves; yourselves

se (13)

30

to forget something

olvidarse (de)

31

before the verb at the end of infinitiveafter present participles (ando, endo, iendo)

placement of direct object pronouns

32

before the verbat the end of infinitiveafter present participle (ando, endo, iendo)

placement of reflexive pronouns

33

indirect object, direct object

order of pronouns

34

relate and event or occurrence that refers to ONE SPECIFIC TIME IN THE PASTto relate an act BEGUN OR COMPLETED IN THE PASTto relate a SEQUENCE OF EVENTS OF ACTIONS, each completed and moving the narrative along toward its conclusionto relate an action that took place within a specified or SPECIFIC AMOUNT (segment) OF TIMEto relate the central action

uses of the preterit (5)

35

to express HABITUAL or often REPEATED ACTIONSto express WAS/WERE + INGto provide BACKGROUND information; set the stage; to express a pre-existing conditionto TELL TIME in the pastto describe physical and emotional states of characteristicsto describe descriptive details of the central action

uses of the imperfect

36

that which

lo que

37

rather

o sea

38

fairy tale

un cuento de hadas

39

the forest

el bosque

40

to be mistaken

equivocarse

41

to realize

darse cuenta

42

an action that began in the past but is ongoing in the present

hace + period of time + que + verb in the present tense

43

to ask how long something has been going on

cuánto (tiemp( + hace + que + verb in the present tense

44

to tell how long ago something happened

hace = period of time + que + verb in the preterit
verb in the preterit + hace + period of time

45

to ask how long ago something happened

cuánto (tiempo) + hace + que + verb in the preterit