Carbohydrates - Red Book Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Carbohydrates - Red Book Deck (13)
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1

Carbohydrates are molecules of 3 or more ________ containing > 1 _________ and an ______ (glucose) or a _______ (fructose) group.

Carbon
Hydroxyl group
aldehyde
keto

2

Ribose and deoxyribose are what type of carbohydrate classification?

monosaccharides

3

Table sugar

sucrose

4

Disaccharides that have alpha 1,4 linkages

Sucrose, maltose

5

Disaccharides that has beta 1,4 linkages

lactose

6

Carbohydrate trioses:

glyceraldehyde
dihydroxyacetone

7

Polysaccharide: plant storage

Starch (alpha 1,4)

8

Polysaccharide: animal storage

Glycogen (alpha 1,4)

9

Polysaccharide: soluble but not digestible

pectin

10

Absorption of carbohydrates goes into what system?

Portal system

11

What transports sugars from blood plasma to cell environment?

insulin

12

Sites of digestion and absorption of carbohydrates.

Small intestine via intestinal mucosa

13

Carbohydrate associated enzymes

Amylase
dextrinases (alpha 1,6)
Maltase
sucrase