Flashcards in Carbs 1 Deck (18):
Why are carbohydrates deemed a high energy source?
They contain high energy electrons (H atom associated)
How do carbohydrates provide structure within animal cells?
The make up the extra-cellular matrices of animal cells
What are Monosacharides ?
6 carbon hexoses (individual molecules)
Name 3 Monoscharides
What is a Disaccharide ?
Formed from monomers (multiple Monosacharides stuck together) via Glycosidic bonds.
Name 3 Disaccharides
What is a Glycosidic bond ?
Hydroxl group + Carbon of monomer.
Which of the three main Disaccharides is reducing and non-reducing ?
Maltose-Reducing (can be oxidized)
What are Polysaccharides ?
Very large molecules consisting of hundreds of monomers all connected to one another.
What are the two 2 types of Glucose polymer found in Starch ?
Amylose & Amylopectin
Combined what do Amylose & Amylopectin create ?
In what form is Carbohydrate stored in animals ?
Where is 90% of Glycogen stored in the human body ?
What is Glycogen's purpose within skeletal muscle ?
To make ATP for energy for muscle
Why is Amylopectin & Glycogen easily broken down ?
They contain many non-reducing ends
Name three types of proteins that are linked with carbohydrates
What are Proteoglycans comprised of ?