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Flashcards in Cardio 1 Deck (20):
1

Signs of cardiovascular dz

Tachypnea >24 breaths per minute
non-sinus cardiac rhythm
pre-syncope and syncope
edema of dependent areas

2

Symptoms of CV dz

chest pain
jaw pain
abdominal pain (referred)
dyspnea at rest or on exertion
dizzines (not vertigo)
distorted sensorium
LOC w/ injuries

3

what can cause sudden syncope w/o warning

arrhythmias

4

what arrhythmias most often causes sudden death

ventricular fibrillation

5

where will pain from a RCA obstruction refer

belly pain

6

what helps reduce the pain w/ pericarditis

tripod stance

7

how will herpes zoster present

uilateral pain and rash

8

PE manifestations of CV dz

jugular venosu pulsations
arterial pulse character and rate

9

what is a TEE good at looking at?

mitral valve

10

management for HTN

lifestyle modifications for first 3-6 months if mildly elevated

11

normal ejection fraction

65

12

imapired relaxation and filling of the ventricles

diastolic CHF

13

what study defines criteria fro CHF

Framingham study

14

what are the major criteria for CHF (need 1)

Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
JVD, positive HJR
pulmonary rales/ crackles
cardiomegaly, S3 gallops
acute pulmonary edema
increased systemic venous pressure (>15)

15

minor framingham criteria (need 2)

Extremity edema (dependent)
Nocturnal cough
Hepatomegaly (?ascites)
Pleural effusion (low protein)
Vital capacity reduced by 1/3 from normal
Tachycardia > 120 bpm, resting
Wt. Loss > 4.5 kg over 5 days of diuretic Rx

16

what lab test correlates w/ CHF

BNP (brain naturetic peptide)

17

CHF class with No limitations: No sx with walk/jog, carry

NYHA I

18

NYHA class with Few limits: OK rest, Sx-fatigue, palpitations angina beyond light activity, > 4 mph

NYHA II

19

Marked limits: OK rest, Sx with light work/activity or walk > 2.5 mph

NYHA III

20

Cardiac cripple’: Sx at rest, often O2 dep

NYHA IV