Flashcards in Cardio 4 Deck (31):
What are systolic ejection murmurs?
aortic/ pulmonary dilation
malformation of the aortic valve
What are holosystolic murmurs?
What is a late systolic murmur?
What are early diastolic murmurs?
aortic regurg/ insufficiency
What are mid diastolic murmurs?
What are late diastolic murmurs
With what conditions are there continuous murmurs?
Coronary artery fistula
rupture ventricular aneurysm
grade of murmur for audible w/o stethoscope
what grades of murmurs have a thrill?
What will there be with congenital aortic stenosis
Systolic ejection murmur
Left ventricular hypertrophy
what will coartation of the oarta result in
low BPs in the extremity
left ventricular hypertrophy
what will pulmonic valve stenosis result in
systemic ejection murmur at LLsternal border
what will tetraology of fallot result in
what will a ASD result in?
What will VSD result in?
right heart failure
syndrome that can be as a result of a ASD, VSD and causes right heart enlargement/ failure and pulmonary HTN. Turns into a right to left shunt
a congenital heart defect in which the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve is displaced towards the apex of the right ventricle of the heart.
4 things with tetraology of fallot
right ventricular hypertrophy
displacement of the aorta
grace period to treat strep before it can become more systemic
what criteria is used for group A beta hemolytic strep
what is the primary reason to treat strep?
rheumatic valvular disease
(mitra valvue stenosis or regurg)
initially with rheumatic valvular dz what will someone ahve?
when will rheumatic valvular dz evolve into a damaged valve?
after 10-15 years
what are people w/ rheumatic valvular dz at risk for ?
recurrent rheumatic fever and bacterial endocarditis
Most common of valvular disorders
prolapse mitral valve
who is a prolapsed mitral valve more common in?
what type inheritance does a prolapse mitral valve have?
symptoms of mitral valve prolapse
may have no symptoms at all or have chest pressure, palipitations, dizziness, anxiety
what allows the leaflets to bulge up w/ prolapse mitral valve
Elongated chordae allow leaflets to bulge up
who is at risk for bacterial endocarditis
Hx of congenital or rheumatic heart disease
Cardiac murmur, prosthetic valve
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, valvular calcif
True MV Prolapse with regurgitation