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Flashcards in Cardio 4 Deck (31):
1

What are systolic ejection murmurs?

Aortic stenosis
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
pulmonary stenosis
aortic/ pulmonary dilation
malformation of the aortic valve

2

What are holosystolic murmurs?

Mitral regurg
Tricuspid regurg
VSD

3

What is a late systolic murmur?

MV prolapse

4

What are early diastolic murmurs?

aortic regurg/ insufficiency
Pulmonary regurgitation

5

What are mid diastolic murmurs?

mitral stenosis
tricuspid stenosis

6

What are late diastolic murmurs

Mitral stenosis
tricuspid stenosis

7

With what conditions are there continuous murmurs?

PDA
venous hum
Coronary artery fistula
rupture ventricular aneurysm

8

grade of murmur for audible w/o stethoscope

grade 6

9

what grades of murmurs have a thrill?

4-6

10

What will there be with congenital aortic stenosis

Systolic ejection murmur
Left ventricular hypertrophy

11

what will coartation of the oarta result in

low BPs in the extremity
left ventricular hypertrophy

12

what will pulmonic valve stenosis result in

RVH
systemic ejection murmur at LLsternal border

13

what will tetraology of fallot result in

cyanotic
club fingers
RVH

14

what will a ASD result in?

A fib
RBBB
percutnaeous closure

15

What will VSD result in?

right heart failure
bacteria endocarditis

16

syndrome that can be as a result of a ASD, VSD and causes right heart enlargement/ failure and pulmonary HTN. Turns into a right to left shunt

eisenmenger's syndrome

17

a congenital heart defect in which the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve is displaced towards the apex of the right ventricle of the heart.

Ebstein’s

18

4 things with tetraology of fallot

pulmonary stenosis
right ventricular hypertrophy
displacement of the aorta
VSD

19

grace period to treat strep before it can become more systemic

2 weeks

20

what criteria is used for group A beta hemolytic strep

jones

21

what is the primary reason to treat strep?

rheumatic valvular disease
(mitra valvue stenosis or regurg)

22

initially with rheumatic valvular dz what will someone ahve?

pancarditis

23

when will rheumatic valvular dz evolve into a damaged valve?

after 10-15 years

24

what are people w/ rheumatic valvular dz at risk for ?

recurrent rheumatic fever and bacterial endocarditis

25

Most common of valvular disorders

prolapse mitral valve

26

who is a prolapsed mitral valve more common in?

women

27

what type inheritance does a prolapse mitral valve have?

autosomal dominant

28

symptoms of mitral valve prolapse

may have no symptoms at all or have chest pressure, palipitations, dizziness, anxiety

29

what allows the leaflets to bulge up w/ prolapse mitral valve

Elongated chordae allow leaflets to bulge up

30

who is at risk for bacterial endocarditis

Hx of congenital or rheumatic heart disease
Cardiac murmur, prosthetic valve
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, valvular calcif
True MV Prolapse with regurgitation

31

management of PAD

*Smoking Cessation
Exercise (Hyperbaric Oxygen possible)
Foot/Ulcer Care, Antiplatelet drugs
Aggressive Rx Hyperlipidemia (statins)
Weight Reduction, Control DM, HTN
Percutan Angioplasty & Stenting, Atherectomy
Arterial Bypass/Graft