Flashcards in Cardio Friendly diets Deck (40)
What is the appearance of blood vessels with mild vascular disease?
Small tears with fatty streaks
What is the appearance of blood vessels with moderate vascular disease?
Accumulation of cholesterol, Ca, and cellular debris
What is the appearance of blood vessels with severe vascular disease?
Thrombus formation after plaque rupture with platelet activation
Who is more likely to get an MI: a person with hard plaque or soft?
What cause the causative factors of vascular disease?
Increased platelet activation in vascular disease may be caused by what?
Low fruit/veggie intake
What are the protective level of Na and K (relative)?
What type of fat is protective from vascular disease?
What is the role of adrenergic hormones in vascular disease?
Most FAs in the blood come from where?
What are the uses of lipoproteins?
What are the atherogenic lipoproteins?
What are the non-atherogenic lipoproteins?
True or false: triglycerides are directly linked to CAD
FAs derived from linolenic acid have how many carbons? Are these saturated, mono, or poly?
Most FAs have an even or odd number of carbons?
Even (16, 18, 20)
Why can you not completely get rid of chylomicrons?
Need ADEK vits
What is the enzyme that cleaves off portions of the VLDL to deliver lipids to cells?
High cholesterol diets have more or less receptors for LDL?
What are the enzymes contained within HDL?
LCAT and apoE
What are HDLs high in?
proteins and phospholipids
What are the functions of HDL?
take up cholesterol from LDL and VLDL
Reverse transport of cholesterol
Olive oil has poly or mono-unsaturated fat?
What are the three major "bad" saturated fats?
Why are saturated fats bad?
Tend to raise blood cholesterol
What are the two neutral FAs?
Which have a higher melting point: mono or poly unsaturated fats?
What is the effect of monounsaturated fats on cholesterol synthesis?
What is the most common source of mono-unsaturated FAs?