Cardiomyopathies Flashcards Preview

Cardiovascular > Cardiomyopathies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiomyopathies Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...
1

most common cardiomyopathy

dilated

2

causes of dilated

-drugs
-pregnancy
-alcohol
-viral

3

dilated heart findings

-flopping valves
-left ventricular systolic dysfunction
-weaken and enlarged

4

takotsubo syndrome

specific type of dilated cardiomyopathy

5

causes of takotsubo

-due to emotional stress
-broken heart syndrome

6

takotsubo heart findings

-sustained apex
-balloning of left ventricle
-mirrors STEMI but no CA exclusion

7

takotsubo most common

women and elderly

8

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy heart findings

left ventricular enlargement and thickened septal myocardium

9

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

-hereditary
-crescendo (systolic)

10

increases murmur

-standing
-valsalva

11

decrease murmur

-squatting
-tendelenberg

12

hypertrophic - ekg finding

left ventricular hypertrophy

13

hypertrophic treatment

-no exercise
-can take beta-blocker

14

restrictive cardiomyopathy x-ray findings

bilateral enlargement

15

amyloidosis

-most common
-desposition of amyloid proteins into the myocardium

16

restrictive cardiomyopathy - etiologies

-amyloidosis
-sarcoidosis
-hemochromatosis

17

sarcoidosis

disposition of granules

18

hemochromatosis

increased iron disposition in myocardium

19

what is your go to test?

echo