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Flashcards in Exam 2.1 Deck (101)
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1

Arterial insufficiency

-not enough blood flow to the area
-atrophy
-hair not growing
-shinning skin
-poor pulses

2

Venous insufficiency

-got the blood but can't get it out
-swollen legs
-vercosites
-brownish skin

3

When in doubt the answer is

quit smoking

4

P with aortic occlusion

-pain
-polar
-pallor
-pulselessness
-paralysis
-paresthesia
-purple toes

5

Venous insufficiency treatment

-compression stockings
-stop smoking
-don't eat salt
-elevate legs

6

Loop diuretics before and after starting

-BMP, electrolytes, glucose, kidney function
-add potassium supplement
-unless potassium is high via labs

7

DeBakey - Type 1

dissection starts in the ascending aorta and travels over the arch and descending aorta

8

DeBakey - Type 2

confined to the ascending aorta

9

DeBakey - Type 3

starts in the descending aorta

10

Stanford

solely based on initial dissection

11

Type A

surgical management

12

Type B

medical management

13

Swollen Legs

venous insufficiency

14

Murmur and pulse at the same time

systolic

15

Stenosis

not opening enough

16

Aortic Stenosis treatment

surgery

17

How do you tell if the valve is bad

Echo

18

Causes of aortic stenosis

-congenital
-senile degeneration and calcification
-rheumatic fever

19

Rheumatic

mitral valve stenosis

20

Aortic insufficiency (regurgitation)

Syphilis
Congenital
Rheumatic
Endocarditis
Aortic dilation
Marfan's

21

Bugs with IV use

staph arues

22

Drugs for IV use

-cillin

23

Valve with IV use

tricuspid

24

Gallop

S1, S2, and something else

25

S3

-ventricular gallop
-HF
-dilated cardiomyopathy
-young person
-athletes
-pregnancy

26

S1

AV valves close

27

S4

related to some pathology

28

Fixed split S2

ASD

29

if potassium is low than

digoxin goes crazy

30

Too much warfarin

Vitamin K