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Flashcards in Caries Deck (18):
0

What is the name of the bacteria that initiates tooth decay?

Streptococcus mutants

1

What bacteria is found in dental plaque?

Streptococcus sanguis

2

What is the name of the bacteria that continues tooth decay?

Lactobacillus

3

What makes the bacteria become harmful?

Non milk extrinsic sugars
NME's

4

Where are intrinsic sugars found?

Fructose

5

What are the most damaging NME's?

Sucrose and glucose
(Dextrose)

6

What are the three components of plaque?

Bacteria
Food debris
Saliva

7

What is the name of the process that involves mineralised structures being dissolved by acid?

demineralisation

8

What neutralises acid?

Saliva

9

What is the process of acid neutralisation causing the demineralised area to be restored?

Remineralisation

10

What is the natural ph within the mouth

7.0

11

What is considered to be the 'danger' zone within the oh balance

5.5

12

What probe is used to detect inter proximal caries?

Briault probe

13

What is class l?

Caries affecting pits and fissures

14

What is class ll?

Caries affecting inter proximal areas of posterior teeth

15

What is class lll?

Caries affecting interproximal areas of anterior teeth

16

What is class lV?

Caries affecting the interproximal areas of anterior teeth that incorporate the incisal edge

17

What is class V?

Caries affecting cervical surfaces