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Flashcards in Cross Infection Control Deck (23):
0

What is the definition of cross infection control?

Cross infection is the infection is the passing of micro organisms from patient to patient or object to object via direct or indirect contact

1

What does HTM 01-05 stand for

Health Technical Memorandum 01-05

2

What are the four stages of decontamination?

Cleaning-disinfection-inspection-sterilisation

3

Which waste category does fixer and developer go in?

Hazardous chemical/non infectious

4

What are dental nurses vaccinated against?

TB, hep B, MMR, Tefanis, Polio, diphtheria

5

What is a helix test used for on an autoclave?

To check steam penetration

6

What is sterilisation?

The destruction of pathogenic micro organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi but not prion proteins

7

What does 'asepsis' mean?

It is the avoidance of pathogenic micro organisms

8

How long should clinics hand washing take?

Between 15-30 seconds

9

How long should surgical hand washing take?

2 minutes

10

What antisepsis agents are used?

Chlorhexidine gluconate (hibi scrub)
Triclosan
Povodine iodine

11

What is bleach/chlorine/sodium hypochlorite used for during cleaners?

Non metallic/non textile surfaces
1% solution for lab work
10% solution for blood spillages
Effect against HIV/hep B

12

What is glutaraldehyde based cleaner used for?

Used as a cold sterilant to sterilise dental instruments that can not be autoclaves
Can be used on metallics

13

What is chlorhexidine gluconate used for?

As an irrigating solution during endo

14

What is In The mercury spillage kit?

(Apply PPE)
Flours of sulphur (absorbent paste)
Lead foil
Pipette

15

What is legionella a form of?

Pneumonia

16

What is the name of the fatal bacteria that can be found in water lines?
What temperature does it survive in?

Legionella Pneumophillia Bacillus

Between 6 and 60 lies dormant below 20 thrives at 37

17

What are the three main techniques for cleaning reusable equipment?

Manual cleaning
Manual cleaning with ultrasonic decontamination
Decontamination and cleaning with washer disinfection

18

What should be carried out every 6 months with a washer disinfector?

Automatic control test
Chemical dosing
Thermometric disinfection test

19

What is a N type and B/S type autoclave?

N type - non vacuum
B/S - vacuum

20

In a non clinical area how long can open bagged instruments be stored for?

One week

21

What does TST stand for?

Time/steam/temperature

22

What year did the environmental protection act come into force?

1990