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Flashcards in Medical Conditions And Drugs Deck (36):
0

What is a sign?

What you can see

1

What is a symptom?

What the person feels

2

What are the signs of a faint?
(Vasovagal attack/syncope)

Pale clammy skin
Slow pulse
Temp loss of consciousness
Quick recovery

3

What are the symptoms of a faint?
(Syncope)

Nausea
Stomach ache
Blurred vision
Dizziness
Tunnel vision

4

What is the treatment for a faint?
(Syncope)

Raise legs
Check airway/breathing
Loosen right clothing
Reassure
Glucose

5

If a pregnant woman faint what should you do?

Place on left side in recovery position to reduce pressure to inferior vena cava

6

What are the symptoms of hyperventilation?

Agitation
Carpopedal spasm

7

What should you not do when someone hyperventilates?

Administer oxygen

8

What is a grand mal?

Generalised seizure

9

What is a petit mal

Partial seizure

10

What medication do epileptic patients?

Epanutin (phenytoin)

11

What is the treatment for a epileptic seizure?

Do not restrain
Remove dangers
IM or IV diazepam

12

What are the three types if diabetes?

Diet controlled
Tablet controlled
Insulin controlled

13

What is hyperglycaemia?

High blood sugar

14

What is hypoglycaemia?

Low blood sugar

15

What is the treatment for anaphylaxis?

Recovery position
Oxygen
Adrenaline (Epi pen epinephrine)
Antihistamine IM
Hydrocortisone IM

16

What is angina pectoris?

Build up of cholesterol plaque on the inner lining of the coronary artery

17

What is the treatment for angina?

GTN spray
Glyceryl trinitrate spray

18

What is a myocardinal infarction?

Heart attack

19

How much oxygen do we breathe in?

20%

20

How much oxygen is given via mouth to mouth?

16%

21

What is the treatment for a bruise?

Cold compress

22

What three ways can drugs be administered?

Externally
Internally
Topically

23

Who should not take tetracycline?

Under 12's
Pregnant women

24

What do antiviral drugs do?

Suppress but not treat the virus

25

What is aciclover (Zovirax) used for?

Herpes simplex

26

What do anti coagulant drugs do?

Blood thinning agents
Warfarin aspirin

27

What does INR mean?

International
Normalised
Ratio

28

What should INR be?

Between 2.3 and 3.5

29

What year did the medicine acts come into place?

1968

30

What year did the misuse of drugs act come into place?

1971

31

What does BNF mean?

British national formulary

32

On a prescription what does B.D mean?

Twice a day

33

On a prescription what does T.D.S mean

Three times a day?

34

On a prescription what does Q.D.S mean

Four times a day

35

Vasoconstrictors are required in local anaesthetics to?

Narrow blood vessels and ensure the numbness spreads