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Flashcards in Carpentry Deck (61):
1

1 – When erecting batter boards, what is the minimum they should be set back from exterior walls?

4 feet

2

2 – Sometimes the top of the batter boards may represent which of the below?

Height of foundation walls

3

3 – Insulation has a paper vapor barrier, which side should the paper be placed?

Warm side

4

4 – When should a middle stringer be installed when building a set of stairs?

1 – When treads are less than 1 1/8 inch thick
2 – When stairs are more than 2' 6" wide
3 – When the stairs are 30 inches wide
4 – Both 1 and 2

5

5 – When installing door stops, which should be installed first?

Lock side first

6

6 – As lumber dries it shrinks, which has the most shrinkage?

Width

7

7 – Reference point A is 5 feet and reference point B is 5 feet 6 inches. Which of the below are true?

B is 6 inches lower than A

8

8 – What is the correct order for hanging a bi-fold door?

– Install top track, fasten lower track to floor, insert pins in door, hang door and adjust

9

9 – When installing kitchen cabinets to a finished wall, what is the minimum the screws should penetrate the studs?

1 inch

10

10 – When is the correct time for installing batter boards?

After building corners are established

11

11 – A fascia board is attached to the:

Rafter Tails

12

12 – The layout for a rectangular building is square if the diagonal measurements are equal.

True

13

13 – What is the minimum side lap for 6 inch beveled wood siding?

1 inch

14

14 – A contractor is installing some wall cabinets in a new home built with 2 x 6 studs. Some of the cabinets span only on a single stud. How are the cabinets attached to the wall?

With (2) # 10 screws in the single stud and at least (2) 3/16” x 3-1/2” toggle bolts

15

15 – All of the following are a part of the exterior wall except:

Bridging

16

16 – A stair stringer must have at least____ inches remaining after it has been notched.

3 ½

17

17 – A common rafter is designated 6/12, which of the following would be used for working with the hip rafter?

6/17

18

18 – What does the OSB stand for in reference to wall sheathing and sub flooring?

Oriented strand board

19

19 – The lumber that is found on a construction site that is used for general forming and framing is called:

Yard lumber

20

20 – On a 60 feet x 80 feet square building, what would the diagonal measure?

100 feet

21

21 – A triangle shaped truss with “W” shaped braces is known as:

Fink truss

22

22 – On a construction site when you install temporary corners for a building, they are known as which of the following?

Batter boards

23

23 – What is the procedure for correcting a warped stud?

1 – Use wedges
2 – Straighten with another stud
3 – Saw the hollow side
4 – All of these

24

24 – Which of the following would be the correct way to store gypsum board on a construction site?

Laid down flat in the center of largest room

25

25 – What is the average controlled temperature when finishing gypsum board?

55 to 70 degrees

26

26 – What is the size of a 3 inch nail?

10D

27

27 – Which of the following plywoods would be considered exterior grade?

BB

28

28 – When using a transit level, which of the following is not true?

1 – 60 minutes equals one degree
2 – 360 degrees is a full circle
3 – 120 degrees equals 2 minutes
4* – One quadrant equals ¼ pi (3.14)

29

29 – If you have a gypsum board wall that exceeds 8’1” in height, what would be the proper way to apply the gypsum board?

Horizontal to studs

30

30 – A builder is installing an extra large bathtub (or Jacuzzi) in a bathroom that holds 200 gallons of water. How much should the contractor allow for the additional load just for the water?

1668 pounds

Water weighs at 8.34 pounds per gallon

31

31 – Which of the below would best describe a drawing term (architectural or structural) for 24,000 pounds?

24 kips

When dealing in pounds, 1,000 pounds is 1 kip

32

32 – What would help in decreasing “nail pop” in gypsum board due to the shrinkage of the wood stud?

Use screws / shorter nails

33

33 – Always check the quantity and inspect for damage when Gypsum board arrives at the jobsite.

True

34

34 – What is the weight of 175 pieces of 4 feet x 12 feet x ½” gypsum board?

18,480 pounds

½ “gypsum board weighs 2.2 pounds per square foot.

35

35 – The door to a room is hinged on the left and opens out. What kind of door is this?

Left hand reversed

36

36 – What would be the maximum spacing on a floor joist if it will support 80 pounds per linear feet and the building load is 40 pounds per square feet?

24 inches on center

37

37 – What is the saw cut in a batter board called to hold the string?

Kerf

38

38 – What is the actual size of a 2” x 8” piece of lumber?

1 1/2” x 7 1/4"

39

39 – When installing fire retardant cedar shakes on a roof system, the roof sheathing shall be ____ lumber spaced on 10 inch centers.

1 x 4

40

40 – How many sheets of 4’ x 8’ plywood would be required to sheet a room that is 8 feet wide by 24 feet wide by 12 feet high?

24

41

41 – When roof rafters are spaced at 24 inches on center and the ceiling joists are spaced at 16 inches on center, where must the trusses fall in relationship to the joists?

5 inches

42

42 – When nailing 4’ x 8’ sheathing boards at edges and ends, nails should be spaced:

6 inches on center

43

43 – Nails to fasten plywood soffit should be spaced approximately ____inches on center.

6 inches

44

44 – When are the batter boards installed?

After building corners are established

45

The lay-out of a rectangle building is square if:

– The diagonal is equal

46

46 – The window information on a set of plans is located in a:

Schedule

47

47 – What type of gypsum board should be used in damp or wet areas?

Moisture resistant

48

48 – What is the maximum length that gypsum board is manufactured in?

14 foot

49

49 – Insulation that comes in pre-cut lengths of 4 and 8 foot would be what type?

Batt insulation

50

50 – Insulation has an R factor of 20, what would be the U factor?

.05

Formula:
1 divided by R factor = U factor
1 divided by U factor = R factor

51

51 – Which of the below would not be correct about a set of drawings?

1 – A horizontal line shows elevations
2 – A curved line shows circular motion
3 – A vertical line can be measured perpendicular from horizontal
4 – Unknown answer (The first 3 are correct, the incorrect answer would be other than these three but I do not know it)

52

52 – Which of the below is the last large construction operation in the construction of a single dwelling house?

Finish flooring

53

53 – Certain building codes require fireblocking in walls that are over:

10 feet

54

54 – What is the depth dimension of wall and base cabinets?

12 and 24 inches

55

55 – When is the proper time to damp proof foundation walls?

Before walls are backfilled

56

When is the door stops installed?

After the door is in place

57

57 – Which of the materials below would not be suited for hardwood slat flooring?

1 – Maple
2 – Birch
3* – Fir
4 – Beech

58

58 – Which of the below would not be a correct joint location for nailing a fascia board?

1 – Rafter tails
2 – At house corners
3 – In the center of the house
4* – In between rafter tails

59

59 – Which of the below is the only item left to construct after installing finish flooring?

Final interior trim

60

60 – How many days of acclimation does wood flooring need prior to installing?

4 to 5 days

61

61 – Which of the below materials would not require wall sheathing prior to final covering?

Plywood