Concrete Flashcards Preview

Contractors test > Concrete > Flashcards

Flashcards in Concrete Deck (184):
1

What is the maximum that sheathing should be cut back on tendons?

1 inch

2

In stressing operations, the final stress should be pre-calculated to use an approximately what percentage of the full stroke of the jack on the final pull?

60 %

3

What is the purpose for post-tensioning concrete?

To increase compressive strength in the bottom of a joist or girder to offset tensile stress

4

Which of the below would be correct method of storing tendon coils?

Stored in a dry area on dunnage to keep the tendons off the ground

5

Which of the below would be proper way of unloading tendon coils?

Cradle coils by passing nylon straps through the center of coils

6

In most field applications the amount of force that will actually be applied to the strand will be approximately what percentage of the MUTS (Minimum Ultimate Tensile Strength) of the strand?

80 %

7

On concrete thickness up to about seven inches, which of the below are true about air content to slump?

Air content increases as slump increases

8

What is the maximum dosage of slag in concrete where exposed to deicing conditions?

50%

9

of the below would increase the abrasive strength of concrete?

1 – Low water-cement ratio
2 – Steel - troweled surface
3 – Harder aggregate
4 – All of these

10

What is the purpose of using vibrators when doing concrete work?

1 – Get rid of air voids
2 – Consolidates the concrete
3 – Moves fine aggregate to bottom
4 – Both 1 and 2

11

Usually air-entrained lightweight concrete has a slump of 2 to 4 inches, what would be the maximum slump you would seldom exceed?

5 Inches

12

– Tools used for finishing air-entrained concrete should be constructed from which of the below?

Aluminum or magnesium

13

What a method for strengthening reinforced concrete in which steel tendons are stretched through conduits and mechanically fastened is called what?

Post-tensioning

14

Normal weight and lightweight concrete exposed to freezing and thawing or deicing chemicals shall be ________.

Air entrained

15

Samples for strength test for each class of concrete placed each day shall be taken not less than once a day or less than once for each ___________ .

150 cubic yards

16

What would you use to keep concrete forms from spreading apart?

Snap ties and brackets

17

Hotter than normal temperatures when pouring concrete has what consequences (or “What is true” about pouring concrete in hot weather?)

1 – Increased slump loss
2 – Increased tendency for cracking
3 – Long term strength loss
4 – All of the above

18

temperatures have what effect (or it may have asked what is true) on fresh concrete.

Concrete that has been frozen will not be as impermeable as concrete that
wasn’t frozen

19

Retempered concrete or concrete that has been remixed after initial set shall not be used unless approved by?

Registered design professional

20

what is the minimum cover on #5 rebar where permanently exposed to earth?

3 inches

21

Once water is added to a concrete mix at the mixing plant, what is the maximum
time for delivery and discharge from truck?

1 ½ hours

22

The minimum strength of a concrete wall not exposed to the weather after 28 days is:

2500 psi

23

What is true about moisture in concrete?

1 – It is important to prevent moisture from leaving the concrete
2 – It is important to not prevent moisture from leaving the concrete
3 – Excessive moisture loss will result in concrete cracking
4 – Both 1 and 3

24

Steps in footings should be used when slope exceeds:

10 %

25

pumping concrete into tightly reinforced forms which of the below should be used?

Superplasticizers

26

What would you use to laterally support concrete forms?

Whalers and braces (tied and braced)

27

On concrete beams, what is the recommended distance between tendons/cables?

1 ½ inches

28

Concrete that is exposed to salt water, what is the correct mixture added to protect rebar?

Corrosion resistant mixture

29

How much concrete coverage is required when you have a # 10 rebar in a beam?

¾ inch

30

Low slump means that the concrete is;

Stiff

31

What is the minimum thickness required for a concrete slab placed against and permanently exposed to the earth?

3 ½ inches

32

Which of the following is not acceptable when grouting stressing pockets?

Having chlorides as an additive

33

When back stressing a barrier cable, the end anchor should be installed to a force of ___%

80 %

34

The maximum number of or .60 of an inch tendons / cables in a group is _____.

4

35

For an encapsulated post-tensioned system, the watertight cap should be installed less than____.

24 hours after stressing

36

If a tendon is stressed at both ends, what is the recommended length of tail to leave outside the edge form at each end?

12 inches

37

Which of the following is not a method to control plastic shrinkage?

Use of a richer mix design

38

High early strength concrete is made using Type _____ cement.

III

39

of the following are methods of curing concrete except _____.

1 – Keeping the surface moist
2 – Heated forms
3 – Covering with plastic sheets
4 - Using plastic forms

40

Which of the following concrete joints allows for both vertical and horizontal movement?

Isolation

41

For the strength of concrete to continue to increase with time, the relative humidity within the concrete should remain above____ percent.

80 %

42

Which of the following factors does not influence workability of concrete?

Calcium chloride

43

Durability of concrete can be related directly to:

Compressive strength

44

What is the most effective method for controlling shrinkage cracking in concrete?

Providing joints (contraction joints)

45

The resistance of hardened concrete to freezing and thawing is significantly improved by adding:

Air – entrainment

46

What is the effect of vibratory action on a concrete mixture?

1 – It permits the use of a stiffer mixture
2 – It causes the mix to be more liquid
3 – Removes trapped air
4 – All of the above

47

What is the effective period of time for increased workability that can be expected when placing concrete using super plasticizer?

30 to 60 minutes

48

What is most closely related to abrasive strength of concrete?

Compressive strength

49

How do higher temperatures at time of placement affect concrete?

Concrete has a lower slump

50

Besides the water to cement ratio, what else determines the final compressive strength of concrete?

Age

51

The most common plasticizer used in concrete is:

Lime

52

For the most part you do not need to add anything to the concrete mix other than the standard ingredients, but on occasion additives do help to make the job easier. Which of the below is not considered an additive?

1 – Air entraining powder
2 – Plasticizers
3 – Retarders
4 – Water

53

Concrete in which wires are tensioned on the jobsite after the concrete has been hardened by running the wires through ducts is called

Post-Tensioned concrete

54

What is the minimum 28 day compressive strength for lightweight aggregate concrete?

2500 psi

55

If you order and are pouring one cubic yard of concrete 4 inches thick, which of the following forms would it fill?

9 feet ½ inch x 9 feet ½ inch Design and Control of Concrete Mixtures Calculations
Divide 27 cubic feet (one yard) by inches (.33) and then square root to get the square dimensions. You may have to take answers given (if not square) and multiply and then multiply by inches and divide by 27

56

The concrete arrives on a construction project stiffer that needed and the workers add water to the mix. How will this affect the mix?

1 – Does not affect the mix
2 – Makes the mix weaker
3 – Increases the water to cement ratio
4 – Both 2 and 3

57

A footing needs to have a load supported on it of 252 kips, with a soil bearing capacity of 6,000 pounds. How many square feet will this footing have to be?

42 square feet

58

When placing concrete, what is the maximum distance it is allowed to fall before a tremie chute is required?

4 feet

59

What is the purpose for vibrating concrete?

1 – To remove trapped air
2 – To consolidate the concrete
3 – To separate the ingredients
4 – Both 1 and 2

60

When truck concrete mixers are used, the time between batching and complete discharge after water has been added to the cement and aggregates is ____ hours or before the drum has revolved ___times.

1 ½ hours and 300 revolutions

61

When mixing concrete, the reason for adding water to the cement is called:

Hydration

62

What temperature range would be considered a hot weather condition for concrete?

77 degrees to 90 degrees

63

What is the definition of creep in concrete?

The continuous deformation of the concrete due to continued sustained loads

64

If you have a pier or pier footing that is 7’0” x 7’0” by 1’6” deep using 4,000 psi concrete. The soil that this footing is sitting on has a bearing capacity of 2,000 pounds per square foot. What is the maximum load that soil can bear with this footing in kips?

98 kips

65

What is the definition of pre-cast concrete?

that is cast and poured off site and transported to its final position

66

What is the best temperature for curing concrete?

55 to 73 degrees (actually 50 to 70)

67

Which of the below would be the correct splice lap for splicing reinforcement rods (rebar) together in masonry?

40 times the bar diameter, minimum one foot of splice

68

What is the main reason for taking a slump test?

Check the workability and consistency of the concrete

69

When pouring concrete in hot weather, this is a condition that can occur:

1 – Shrinkage cracks
2 – Loss of strength
3 – Fast hydration (stiff very quickly)
4 – All of the above conditions

70

To resist the deterioration of concrete due to deicers, freezing and thawing, which of the following admixtures need to be added?

Air-entrainment

71

What is the purpose for using form ties when pouring concrete in forms?

To resist the lateral pressure of the concrete
4 – Neither of the above

72

When installing post tension cables, you are allowed to have 1 inch of the cable exposed in the concrete at the end tying into the form without plastic sheathing. What procedures are required if more than 1 inch is exposed?

Grease cable and tape

73

How can you stop reverse curvature of a post tension cable?

– Add additional cable supports

74

does post tension cables have to have before concrete can be poured on them?

Covered in grease and plastic covering in place

75

What is the definition of a post tension cable?

1 – Reinforcing steel is housed in a plastic coating or sheath that prevents the concrete from bonding with the cable so it can be stressed after the concrete has hardened

76

What type of concrete is used to allow stripping forms the quickest?

Type III

77

What is the purpose for vibrating concrete?

Separate the course aggregate

78

What admixture needs to be added to concrete in hot weather conditions?

Retardant

79

When installing post tension cables, there needs to be at least ____ inches of cable protruding out of the form

12

80

What is the minimum reinforcing bar lap or splice for a # 5 bar with 40D?

25 inches:
A # 5 bar is 5/8 of an inch or .625 of an inch x 40 diameters splice is 25 inches.
A # 4 bar is 1/2 of an inch or .50 of an inch x 40 bar diameters is 20 inches

81

What is the minimum percent of the 28 day compressive strength of concrete before post tension cables can be stressed?

75 %

82

Definition of Type II concrete

– Moderate / Low sulfate resistance

83

Definition of Type III Concrete

High early strength – early set

84

Definition of Type IV concrete.

Low heat of hydration

85

which of the below is true about the volume of concrete once it sets up?

Stays about the same (changes slightly)

86

What is the concrete coverage for folded plate members on # 6 thru # 18 reinforced bar not exposed to earth?

¾ inch

87

How are post tension cable / tendons installed?

Wrapped in plastic with PT applied

88

What are the proportions of concrete made up of?

Sand, cement, water and course aggregate

89

What effect does low slump have on concrete?

More stiff, hard to work

90

What is the definition of air-entrained concrete?

1 – Concrete that will have resistance to freeze – thaw conditions when exposed to water and de-icing conditions

91

What is the definition of superplasticizers?

High range water reducers that are added to concrete with a low-to-normal slump and water ratio to make high slump concrete.

92

What is the definition of slump?

It is a test for the rigidity (consistency) of uncured concrete.

93

What is the minimum thickness at the edge for plain concrete footing?

8 inches

94

What is a characteristic of pouring concrete at low (cold) temperatures?

Concrete gains very little strength at low temperatures

95

What is a common admixture to add to concrete to help hydration and strength when pouring in cold weather?

Accelerating admixture

96

What is the average size of course aggregates (rock/gravel) in concrete?

3/4 inch

97

How many days does it take for concrete to reach its minimum design compressive strength?

28 days

98

When using air-entrainment in concrete as an admixture it will help with the freezing and thawing conditions over the life of the concrete, air-entrainment also will:

Improve the workability

99

What is the next process after completion of the screeding of a concrete slab?

Bull float finish

100

What type of concrete finish does a driveway require?

Broom finish

101

When is reinforcement not needed in concrete?

Driveways

102

How do concrete forms maintain their shape?

Braced and wall tied

103

Where are construction joints located in concrete beams and slabs?

Middle third

104

What is the best method to brace and align concrete forms in masonry work?

Turnbuckles and pins

105

Turnbuckles and pins

True

106

Insulating concrete is a light weight concrete with the aggregate of:

Perlite

107

What is the definition of low permeability of concrete?

– Low permeability will produce acid and corrosion resistance of concrete

108

What is the definition of high permeability of concrete?

– High permeability of concrete will cause reinforcing to corrode.

109

What is the most preferred method to consolidate concrete?

Mechanical vibrators

110

What is placed directly under a concrete slab on grade?

1 – Vapor barrier
2 – Crushed rock
3 – Compacted sub grade
4 – All of the above

111

What type of admixture is high early concrete?

Accelerating admixture

112

What is the diameter of a # 5 reinforcing bar?

5/8 inch

113

When pouring concrete with reinforcement that will be exposed to seawater, what type of admixture should be used?

Corrosion inhibitors

114

For lightweight concrete with an overdry density of 50 pcf (pounds per cubic feet) which of below is correct?

Maximum slump of 5 inches

115

– Type II concrete is used for what kind of construction?

Moderate sulfate resistance

116

Which of the following may be used to hold foundation wall forms together?

Snap ties and metal brackets

117

When performing the final operation where two extensions of the stressing jack are used, what is the percent of the final stroke of the jack?

60 %

118

which of the below statements is true about moisture when curing concrete?

It is important to prevent the loss of moisture from concrete during curing

119

All of the following procedures apply during the preparation for concrete placement except:

Concrete should be retempered or remixed as needed

120

What should be applied to hardened concrete to protect from deicing chemicals?

Air - entrainment

121

What additive is used for concrete at high temperature or too hot?

Retardant

122

which concrete joint allows both horizontal and vertical movement of concrete?

Isolation joint

123

What is a common characteristic of low slump concrete?

Stiff

124

Concrete that is low in heat and hydration is:

Type IV

125

What is the last step before pouring concrete on post tension cables?

Install support bars

126

What is true about how to finish light weight concrete?

Need to start finishing earlier than normal concrete

127

What is the effect of algae in mixing water used for concrete?

Reduced strength

128

What is the effect of high heat in concrete?

Reduced slump

129

The abrasion resistance of concrete is dependent upon __________________.

Adequate curing

130

The minimum overdry density for lightweight insulating concrete is _______pcf.

15

131

Concrete cover is the minimum distance from the _______________.

Outside of the reinforcing bar to face of concrete

132

What is the finish calculation for figuring the cubic yards of concrete if the beginning calculation is Length x?

Width x Depth (in feet) divided by 27

133

What type of concrete has a low heat of hydration?

Type IV

134

What type of concrete has a moderate sulfate resistance?

Type II

135

What classification of reinforcing rod supports is used in situations where there will be maximum exposure but no grinding or sandblasting is required?


Class 1A

136

The maximum spacing for rebar in a 6 inch thick wall should not exceed _______inches on center.

18 inches

137

When placing reinforcing steel in a steel mat, where may the wire ties be placed if the spacing is not specified?

At every fourth or fifth intersection

138

Short bars tied at right angles to main reinforcing bars in a floor slab are called "___________ bars".

Temperature

139

Which of the following items is NOT required to be identified by the markings on reinforcing steel?

A set of numbers indicating the date of fabrication

140

Which of the below would be the best order to install post tension cables?

Forms set, install sleeves and embeds, cables, cable supports and install plumbing and electrical sleeves

141

Stirrups are used in a concrete beam to resist:

Shear

142

many pieces of rebar does a beam bolster chair support?

2

143

Unreinforced structural plain concrete is used in all of the following except:

Columns

144

Why should you use a chute for placing concrete instead of dropping it in place?

Helps concrete to not separate (without segregation)

145

Which admixture is added in concrete to accelerate the rate of hydration and increase strength development at an early age?

Accelerating admixture

146

The minimum standard reinforcing bar size is a ______bar.

2 – # 3
3 – # 4
The above answer # 3 bar is correct for this question but there is an exam question where a # 4 bar is the correct answer for the same question. I think that on that exam question that a # 3 bar is not listed as a possible answer

147

What is used in concrete walls to hold metal reinforcing in place?

Tie wire

148

What is the minimum spacing between bundles of tendons?

1 ½ inches

149

Which of the below would be an admixture in concrete?

Air - Entrainment

150

What is the range of air entrainment of light weight moderate exposure structural concrete?

5 to 8 %

151

What is the best slump used for light weight concrete?

What is the definition of Type V concrete?

152

What is the definition of Type V concrete?

High sulfate resistance

153

What is the slump used for lightweight concrete that can be placed under conditions that would normally require a slump of 3 to 5 inches for normal-weight concrete?

2 to 3 inches

154

Which of the below is correct for the standard reinforcing bar sizes?

# 3 through # 11, # 14 and # 18

155

How many years of experience are needed to be a lead man for post tension cables?

5 years

156

Which of the below would more likely require using a vibrator to consolidate concrete?

Mixture with aggregate

157

What is the minimum support bar needed for cables in a post tension beam?

# 4

158

What type of support would be used to hold a rebar mat 3 feet off the ground?

Standee

159

Where are the temperature bars placed in a slab?

Right angles

160

What is the purpose for putting composite sheathing over a post tension tendon?

Cable can move more freely in concrete

161

What is the best type of joint to control cracking in a driveway?

Contraction

162

What is the most widely used supplementary cementitious material in concrete?

Fly ash

163

How many different sizes are there in reinforcing bars?

11

164

What is the best type of concrete mix to use in a drain structure that requires moderate sulfate concrete?

II

165

Which group of concrete uses expanded aggregates such as perlite?

I

166

What is the best method for curing concrete?

Moist condition for 7 days at 50 degrees

167

What is the proper method for vibrating concrete?

Insert vibrator quickly and remove when large air bubbles stop surfacing

168

What is the most effective way to prevent water evaporation when curing concrete?

Fogging

169

What is the relationship between concrete strength and hard aggregate?

Hard aggregate is more wear resistant

170

What admixture in needed when placing concrete in areas of closely spaced and congested reinforcing steel to improve concrete flow without weakening the concrete mix?

Superplasticizer

171

As a concrete beam is loaded and has the tendency to bend down, where in the beam would the reinforcing be placed to resist this tension?

Bottom

172

Where are temperature bars placed in a joist?

On top of all other bars with support bars underneath them parallel to joist bars

173

How much pcf of perlite is used in Group I lightweight concrete?

15 and 50 pcf

174

Which of the below would prevent surface scaling of concrete?

Air entrainment

175

What is the minimum depth of construction joints?

25% of slab (1/4 of slab)

176

The maximum number of or .50 of an inch tendons / cables in a group is _____.

5

177

A rebar splice is 25 inches using a 40D splice, what is the size of the rebar?

# 5
Placing Reinforcing Bars Page 10-12
Formula = 25 divided 40 = .625 x 8 = 5

178

What of the below is not a characteristics of a slab on grade?

Grass and sod underneath

179

What can be added to Group I light weight concrete that has 15 pcf of perlite?

Additional perlite

180

Which of the following is not considered an aggregate in concrete and should be avoided?

Chert

181

What is used to hold reinforcement together in a concrete wall?

Wrap and snap

182

What type of tie wire is used to hold reinforcement together in a concrete wall?

Black soft-annealed

183

What is the required temperature range for test cylinders to be stored in the field?

60 to 80 degrees F

184

What is the minimum to maximum water to cement ratio for a concrete mix?

.40 to .50