CASE STUDY : The development of India Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CASE STUDY : The development of India Deck (14):
1

What is India's population ?

1.25 billion

2

What type of government is india's government ?

Democracy (largest in the world)

3

How much has India's total GDP increased by ?
(1991 - 2014)

£ 6.1 trillion

4

Why did the changes to India's economy happen ?
(first reason)

ECONOMIC LIBERALISATION :

this gives companies more freedom in...
- what people will buy
- where goods can be made more cheaply
- where investment in products will make most profit

this has helped because it has encouraged FDI

5

Why did the changes to India's economy happen ?
(second reason)

IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORT :

india uses...
- shipping
- containerization
- aircraft technology

this means India is able to make more exports and increase income.

6

Why did the changes to India's economy happen ?
(third reason)

TRANS NATIONAL COMPANIES (TNCs) :

a lot of India's economic growth has come from FDI

by 2005, India was second to China in terms of oversea investment received.

7

The Urban Core in India is Maharashtra, where has its economic growth come from ?

- service industries - banking, IT

- manufacturing - half of Mumbai's factory workers make clothing

- port - second largest in the country

- construction - buildings, factories, offices

8

The Rural Periphery in India is Bihar, where has it economic state come from ?

- eduction - poor school attendance (1/3 complete primary)

- population - 86% is rural, many are farmers trapped in a cycle of poverty

- investment - receives little because people can't afford basic services.

9

Why are people moving from Rural - Urban ?

- large port
- better jobs
- manufacturing
- better housing
- better education
- improved healthcare
- more electricity

10

How much has India's infant mortality rate fallen by since 1991 ?

50%

11

How much lower is women's literacy rate compared to men's ?

17%

12

How many people has the clothing industry employed and how much GDP has it made ?

80 million people and $300 billion in GDP

13

What environmental problems does India face ? Why ?

- water pollution
- air pollution
- loss of biodiversity

- poorly managed garbage
- old public transport
- urban traffic
- poor street drainage

14

What is India's global relationship like ?

- likely to become a member of the UN Security Council

- belongs to G20 which will allow to receive help to solve problem that need global action e.g. climate change