Challenges of an urbanising world Flashcards Preview

EDEXCEL Geography > Challenges of an urbanising world > Flashcards

Flashcards in Challenges of an urbanising world Deck (12):
1

Define 'megacity'

a city with at least 10 million inhabitants

2

Define 'world city'

a city with a dominant role in global processes

3

Define 'urban primacy'

the most important city in a country, which dominates the rest if the country

4

Define 'hiterland'

the region around a city

5

What are growth rates in megacities fuelled by ?

rural-urban migration

6

Define 'rural-urban migration'

when people change where they live from rural areas to urban areas

7

Define 'international migration'

when people move to live in another country

8

Define 'internal migration'

when people move from one part of a country to live somewhere else within that same country

9

Define 'natural increase'

the difference between the number of births and deaths in a year

10

Define 'formal employment'

jobs that pay taxes and provide job security and legal protection. They are hard to get in developing countries

11

Define 'informal employment'

jobs that are not regulated, workers don't pay taxes and are not protected by law. They are easy to get for new arrivals in a city. e.g street sellers, shoe shining

12

Define 'suburbanisation'

when people, industries and jobs move out the city centre to surrounding areas