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Flashcards in Castilla y León Deck (52):
1

What is Spain's largest autonomia?

Castilla y Leon or Old Castile
"Land of Castles"

2

What is the climate of Castilla y Leon?

Continental, slightly moderated by its proximity to the Atlantic and Mediterranean

3

What is Maseta Central?

The arid central plateau of Spain.
-Castilla y Leon consists of the northern part of the Maseta Central and the mountains that encircle it.

4

What river flows westward through the center of Castilla y Leon?

The Duero River on its way to Portugal

5

The Duero river passes through 5 DOs of Castilla y Leon. What are they?

-Ribera del Duero
-Rueda
-Toro
-Tierra del Vino del Zimora
-Arribes

6

What DO is located directly north of Ribera del Duero?

Arlanza DO

7

What DO is located to the west of Ribera del Duero DO and Arlanza DO?

Cigales DO

8

Which 2 DOs are located in the mountainous northwestern corner of Castilla y Leon?

-Bierzo DO
-Tierra de Leon DO

9

Which DO of Galicia does Bierzo DO border to the west?

Valdeorras DO

10

What are the 10 DOs of Castilla y Leon?

-Ribera del Duero
-Rueda
-Toro
-Tierra del Vino de Zamora
-Arribes
-Arlanza
-Cigales
-Tierra de Leon
-Bierzo

11

What is the grape of Bierzo?

Mencia

12

Where is the Sil River located?

Bierzo DO

13

What is the minimum percentage of Mencia required in red and rosé Bierzo wines?

Red: min. 70%
Rosé: min. 50%

14

What is "Corullón"?

-an extracted, old-vine Mencia-based, biodynamic wine sourced from mountainside schist soils
-produced by Alvaro Palacios and Ricardo Palacios. "Desendientes de Jose Palacios" founded in 1999

15

Name 2 modern producers of Bierzo.

-Dominio de Tares
-Pittacum

16

What are the white grape varietals of Bierzo?

Godello
Dona Blanca
Palomino (dominates the vineyards)

17

In what year was Tierra de Leon DO upgraded from VDLT?

2007
Grape Varietals:
-Mencia
-Preito Picudo

18

What is Preito Picudo?

The local red grape of Tierra de Leon DO

19

Which 2 towns does Ribera del Duero DO surround?

Aranda de Duero and Peñafiel in the Duero River Valley

20

Who founded Ribera del Duero's flagship estate, "Vega Sicilia" in 1864?

Don Eloy Lecanda y Chaves
-planted Pinot Noir, Tinto del Pais, and a number of Bordeaux grape varieties to make Brandy

21

Name 3 major Ribera del Duero producers other than Vega Sicilia.

Tinto Pesquera
Dominio de Pingus
Aalto

22

Who founded Dominio de Pingus?

Peter Sisseck in 1995
-5ha
-Wines: Pingus, Flor de Pingus, Amelia (all 100% Tempranillo)

23

Who founded Tinto Pesquera?

Alejandro Fernandez in 1970
-Grupo Pesquera : Condado de Haza, Dehesa La Granja, El Vinculo
-200 ha
- Top wine: Pesquera Janus Gran Reserva (100% Tempranillo)

24

What are the top wines of Vega Sicilia?

-Unico: min 80% Tempranillo blended with Cabernet Sauvginon and Merlot. Aged at least 10 years. 60-65 year old vines.
-Valbuena 5: Predominately Tempranillo with some Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. 25-35 year old vines.

25

What is "Tinto del Pais"?

Tempranillo in Ribera del Duero

26

In what year did Ribera del Duero gain DO status?

1982

27

What is the aging requirement for Reserva and Gran Reserva Ribera del Duero?

Reserva: 3 years including 1 year in oak
Gran Reserva: 5 years total-2 years in oak, 3 years in bottle.

28

What are the aging requirements for Crianza Ribera del Duero?

2 years including 1 year in oak

29

True or False:
White wines are not allowed in Ribera del Duero.

True

30

What is "Albillo"?

an early ripening white grape in Ribera del Duero allowed in the production of Rosado wines.

31

In what year did Rueda receive DO status?

1980
-shortly before Ribera del Duero

32

What is the grape of Rueda and what producer rejuvenated it in the 1970s?

Verdejo
-Marques de Riscal, as a fresh, crisp counterpart to their red Rioja

33

If simply labeled "Rueda", what percentage of Verdejo must the wine be made of?

a minimum 50%
-blended with Viura

34

If labeled varietally as Verdejo or Sauvignon Blanc, what percentage of the stated grape must be in the wine?

a minimum 85%

35

What red grape dominates the red wines of Rueda?

Tempranillo

36

Rosado wines must contain a minimum ____% of red grapes.

minimum 50% red grapes

37

Brut Espumoso wines must be a minimum ____% Verdejo.

minimum 85% Verdejo

38

What is "Dorado"?

a dry, fortified, oxidized wine of Rueda
-a dying style rarely encountered outside of Spain

39

What DO lies to the west of Rueda DO?

Toro DO
-red, white, rosado wines

40

Toro DO red wines require a minimum of ____% Tinto de Toro?

75%

41

What is Tinto de Toro?

a local strain of Tempranillo

42

What 2 grapes are used to make the white wines of Toro?

-Verdejo
-Malvasia

43

Rosado wines of Toro DO are saignée blends of what 2 grapes?

-Tinto de Toro
-Garnacha

44

Name 3 top Toro producers.

Fariña
Numanthia Termes
Vega Sicilia's Bodegas Pintia

45

What DO lies to the west of Toro DO?

Tierra del Vino de Zamora DO

46

Red wines of Tierra del Vino de Zamora DO require a minimum ___% Tempranillo.

75%

47

What DO lies to the northwest of Ribera del Duero DO?

Cigales DO

48

What 2 grape varieties are used in Cigales DO red wines?

-Garnacha Tinta
-Tinto del Pais

49

What style of wine is Cigales DO noted for?

Rosado and Nuevo (primeur) Rosado

50

_______DO is one of Spain's newest DOs, dating to 2007. Directly north of Ribera del Duero.

Arlanza DO
-reds and whites from Duero Valley and Bordeaux grape varieties

51

Alejandro Fernandez of Pesquera founded what estate in Tierra del Vino de Zamora?

Dehesa la Granja

52

What are the red and white grapes of Arribes DO?

White: Malvasia, Verdejo, Albillo
Red: Rufete, Tempranillo