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Flashcards in Southern Spain Deck (58):
1

Name the 6 autonomias of southern Spain.

-Murcia
-Valencia
-Castilla-La-Mancha
-Madrid
-Extramadura
-Andalucia

2

What is Spain's 3rd largest city?

Valencia

3

What are the main white grape varietals of Valencia DO?

Recommended:
Macabeo
Malvasia
Merseguera*
Moscatel de Alejandria
Pedro Ximenez
Planta Fina de Pedralba
Chardonnay

Authorized:
Planta Nova
Tortosi
Verdil
Semillon

4

What are the main red grape varietals of Valencia DO?

Recommended:
Garnacha
Tempranillo
Monastrell
Tintorera
Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot

Authorized:
Bobal
Pinot Noir
Forcayat

5

What are the 2 DOs located within the Valencia DO?

Alicante DO- dessert wines
Utiel-Requena- "Doble Pasta"

6

What is "Doble Pasta"?

-a traditional style of Utiel-Requena
-Doble Pasta wines are fermented and macerated with twice the normal amount of grape skins and pulp
-intense concentration, tannin and color

7

What grape is used to make the Utiel-Requena DO red wines?

Bobal

8

What is "Fondillon"?

-A dessert style, oxidative dessert wine produced from overripe Monastrell grapes. Aged for a min. 10 years.
-local specialty of Alicante DO
-unlike Sherry it is not fortified and does not carry the flavor of wood

9

What are the 3 DO zones of Murcia, the southern autonomia in the Levant?

-Jumilla DO
-Yecla DO
-Bullas DO

10

Until when did the sandy soils of Jumilla resist phylloxera?

Until the 1980s
-nearly 100 years after he bug entered Spain

11

What is the main grape of Jumilla, occupying 80% of the region's vineyards?

Monastrell (Mourvedre)
-Garnacha, Petit Verdot, and other grapes may be used for blending

12

What is Europe's largest demarcated region?

La Mancha DO
-within the Castilla-La Mancha DO

13

Whose silhouette adorns the logo of the La Mancha DO Consejor Regulador?

Don Quixote

14

What are the 2 principle grapes of La Mancha?

-Cencibel (Tempranillo)
-Airen

15

True of False:
Airen claims more acreage than any other white grape in the world.

True
-Due to its vast tracts of low density plantings in La Mancha
-typically used for distillation

16

What DO is the Marques de Grignon estate located in?

Mentrida DO

17

What 4 international grape varieties were planted at the Marques de Grignon estate?

-Cabernet Sauvignon
-Petit Verdot
-Syrah
-Merlot

18

True or False:
Marques de Grinon adopted the illegal practice of drip irrigation.

True

19

What estate appellation was Marques de Grignon awarded with in 2003?

DO Pago Dominio de Valdepusa

20

Name 7 DO Pago of La Mancha

Finca Elez-2003
Guijoso-2005
Dehesa del Carrizal-2006
Campode La Guardia-2009
Florentino-2009
Casa La Blanca-2010
Calzadilla-2011

21

True or False:
Michel Rolland and his mentor Emile Peynaud are involved with the Marques de Grignon Estate.

True
-positioning itself at the top of Spain's quality ladder

22

North of La Mancha, the Mondèjar DO permits wines of all 3 colors from what 4 grapes?

-Cencibel
-Cabernet Sauvignon
-Macabeo
-Malvar

23

What are the 3 areas of production for the Vinos de Madrid DO?

San Martin de Valdeiglesias
Navalcanero
Arganda

24

What 4 grapes are widely planted in the Vinos de Madrid DO?

Airen
Malvar
Tinto Fino (Tempranillo)
Negra de Madrid (Garnacha)

25

What is Negra de Madrid?

Garnacha

26

What is the sole DO zone of the Extramadura autonomia?

Ribera del Guadiana DO

27

What are the 6 subregions of Ribera del Guadiana DO?

-Ribera Alta de Guadiana
-Ribera Baja de Guadiana
-Mantanegra
-Lañamero
-Montanchez
-Tierra de Barros*

28

Tierra do Barros encompasses nearly ____% of the Ribera del Guadiana DO?

80%

29

True or False:
Jamon Serrano and Jamon Iberico are fram the region of Ribera del Guiadiana.

True

30

Who is the only producer of Cava in southwestern Spain?

Bodegas Inviosa
-a longstanding and key proponent of the wines of Tierra do Barros in the Ribera del Guadiana DO

31

Name the 6 DO zones of Andalucia.

-Malaga
-Sierras de Malaga
-Montilla-Moriles
-Condado de Huelva
-Jerez-Xeres-Sherry
-Mananilla Sanlucar de Barrameda

32

Who transformed Andalucia,or Al-Andalus into a hub of Mediterranean trade?

The Moors
-conquest of 711

33

What was the city of Jerez de la Frontera known as in Arabic?

"Sherish"
-key to the prosecuted case in more recent times contesting the British use of the term Sherry.

34

What is "sack"?

What the wines of Jerez were known as by English speakers.

35

What 3 British firms arrived in the 17th and 18th centuries to found Bodegas?

Osbourne
Garvey
John Harvey (Now Domecq)

36

What 2 things in the late 1800s curtailed the sherry industry?

-the arrival of phylloxera in 1894
-the rise in production of "sherry" styles in Europe

37

In what year did Jerez attain DO status?

1933

38

What are the 2 DO zones for Sherry production?

Jeres-Xerez-Sherry
Manzanilla-Sanlucar de Barrameda

39

What 3 towns form the "golden triangle" of sherry production?

Jeres de la Frontera
Sanlucar de Barrameda
El Puerto de Santa Maria

40

Name 3 Authorized grapes for sherry production in order of importance.

-Palomino
-Pedro Ximenez
-Moscatel

41

What is Listan?

Palomino

42

What type of soil does Listan thrive in?

the white "albariza" soils of the region
-chalk

43

What type of soil is in the lower lying vineyards of Jerez?

"barros"
-clay

44

What are the sandy soils of the coastal vineyards called?

"arenas"
-suitable for the Moscatel grape

45

To what style of Sherry did Montilla-Morilles DO lend its name?

"amontiallado"
-although it is barred from using the term on its labels in other EU countries

46

What is the main grape of the Montilla-Morilles DO?

Pedro Ximenez (PX)

47

What type of wines are produced in the Montilla-Morilles DO?

wine in the style of sherry-fino, oloroso, amontillado- are produced in fortified and unfortified versions

48

What DO is directly south of Montillo-Morilles?

the coastal Malaga DO

49

True or False:
Malaga suffers from lowered international interest in both fortified and sweet wines which are the specialties of the zone

True

50

What are the 2 principle grapes of Malaga DO?

Moscatel
Pedro Ximenez

51

What is the 'soleo' process?

-grapes are dried for a period of up to 20 days on esparto grass mats prior to fermentation
-classicin Malaga

52

What are the 5 age categories for Malaga?

-Malaga Palido: max. 6 mos. oak aging
-Malaga: 6-24 mos. oak aging
-Malaga Noble:2-3 years
-Malaga Añejo: 3-5 years
-Malaga Transañejo: min. 5 years

53

What are the table wines of Malaga released under?

Sierras de Malaga DO

54

What 5 DO zones of the Canary Islands cover an entire island?

-La Palma DO
-El Hierro DO
-Gran Canaria DO
-La Gomera DO
-Lanzarote DO

55

The other 5 DOs of the Canary Islands that do not cover an entire island are located on the island of_______.

Tenerife

56

True or False:
Phylloxera never reached the Canary Islands.

True

57

What are the 4 main red grapes of the Canary Islands?

Listan Negro
Negramoll (Tinta Negra)
Malvasia Rosada
Listan Preto (Misson)

58

Name the 5 main white grapes of the Canary Islands.

Malvasia
Gual
Forastera Blanca
Moscatel
Listan Blanco (Palomino)