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Flashcards in Catalonia Deck (40):
1

What French region was Catalonia split from in the 17th century, only separated by the Pyrenees Mountains.

Roussillon

2

What was the second region in Spain to be promoted to DOCa?

Priorat DOCa (or DOQ in Catalan
2009

3

From what does Priorat derive its name?

Priorato de Scala Dei
-a cathusian monastary (priory)
-founded on a boy's vision of angels ascending to heaven

4

What are the 2 traditional varieties of Priorat?

-Garnacha
-Cariñena

5

What is Llicorella?

a mix of black slate and quartzite that characterized the best vineyards of Priorat

6

What are the 5 original "Clos" wines of Priorat?

Barbier's Clos Mogador
Palacios' Clos Dofi
Clos Erasmus
Clos de l'Obac
Clos Martinet

7

The founder of Costers del Siurana, Carles Pastrana, produced which "Clos" wine?

Clos de l'Obac

8

Name 2 other major Priorat Producers.

Vall Llach
Scala Dei

9

True or False:
French barrique treatment in various shades is used in Priorat.

True

10

What is the climate of Priorat?

Warm, Mediterranean
-grapes can ripen to a potential alcohol of 18%

11

What is "Vino de Pueblo"?

-A Priorat village category established in 2009 for estate-grown wines from 12 villages.

12

What are the 12 villages of Priorat

-La Morera de Monsant
-Gratallops
-Bellmunt del Priorat
-Escaladei
-Porrera
-Poboleda
-La Viella Baixa
-La Viella Alta
-El Lloar
-Masos del Terme de Faslet
-Solanes del Terme de El Molar
-Torroja del Priorat

13

What phrase follows the name of the village on Priorat village wine labels?

"Vi de la Vila"

14

Priorat DOCa is almost completely surrounded by which DO?

Monsant DO
-Garnacha, Cariñena

15

True or False:
Monsant DO was once a subzone of Tarragona DO.

True, until 2002

16

What style of wine is Tarragona DO?

Generally fortified, "rancio" or "mistela".

17

What is a "mistela"?

the Spanish version of Vin de Liqueur

18

Today, much of the vineyard area of Tarragon has been converted to what?

white varieties for Cava

19

What DO is southwest of Tarragona?

Terra Alta DO

20

What DO is adjacent to northern Tarragona?

Conca de Barbera DO

21

What are the 7 subzones of Costers del Segre DO?

Pallars Jussia
Artesa de Segre
Valls du Ricorb
Segria
Garrigues
Urgell
Raimat

22

What is the smallest subzone of Costers del Segre DO?

Raimat
-houses an estate of the same name that was integral to the formation of that zone

23

What are the 3 distinct subzones of Penedes DO?

Baix-Penedes
Medio-Penedes
Alt-Penedes-perfectly suited to Parrellada

24

What percentage of Cava is produced in Penedes?

95%

25

What are Cava's 4 authorized grape varietals?

Parellada
Xarel-lo
Macabeo
Chardonnay

26

What is "Ull de Llebre"? Where does it thrive?

Tempranillo
-it thrives in the Medio-Penedes

27

What grapes are planted in the Baix-Penedes?

Garnacha (Garntxa)
Monastrell
-sturdier Mediterranean grapes
-producing high alcohol red and rosado wines

28

Name the 2 producers of the Baix Penedes that perpetuate the historic specialty of "Malvasia de Sitges"?

-Vega de Ribes
-Hospital de Sant Joan Baptista

29

What is Malvasia de Sitges?

A historic specialty of Penedes
-sweet fortified wine that has received the slow food "presidia" status.

30

What is San Sadurni d'Anoia?

the birthplace of Cava in Alt-Penedes

31

Who is the world's 2nd largest producer of sparkling wine?

Codorniu
-founded by Jose Raventos in 1872
-2nd in production to Freixenet

32

True or False:
The gyropalette originated in Spain

True

33

Cava DO wines may be produced from what 9 grape varietals?

Parellada
Xarel-lo
Macabeo
Chardonnay
Pinot Noir
Garnacha Tinta
Monastrell
Trepat
Malvasia (Subirat)

34

What are the aging requirements for Cava?

Lees aging:
Basic- 9 months
Reserva-15 months
Gran Reserva-30 months

35

What is on the cork of a Cava bottle?

a 4 pointed star

36

What is Xarel-lo known as in the Alella DO, to the northeast of Penedes?

Pansa Blanca

37

What DO borders Banyuls in Roussillon and what style of wine is its focus?

Emporda DO
-Cariñena rosados are its focus
-Garnacha and international varieties are also produced

38

What is "Pla de Bages"?

A derivative of Bacchus, the Roman God of Wine.
-a newer DO to the northwest of Penedes with similar grapes
-established in 2006

39

What does the Catalunya DO encompass?

The entire autonomia of Catalunya, covering wineries not included in more specific DO zones with more freedom of blending

40

What are the 2 DO zones of the Baleric Islands? Name 2 indegenous grapes.

Pla i Llevant DO
Binissalem Mallorca DO
-Manto Negro
-Moll (Prensal Blanc)