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Flashcards in North Central Spain Deck (20):
1

What 2 mountain ranges divide France and Spain?

-Pyrenees Mountains to the North East
-Catabrian Mountains to the North West

2

What river emerges from the western Catabrian Mountains (southeast toward the Mediterranean)?

The Ebro

3

What is Rioja named after?

The Oja River
-a tributary of the Ebro

4

When was Rioja classified DOCa?

1991
-the 1st DOCa

5

Who was Gonzalo de Berceo?

A benedictine clergyman who wrote about Rioja wine
-the first Spanish poetry committed to paper

6

Name all the authorized grapes for Rioja red wine.

Tempranillo
Mazuelo (Carignan)
Graciano
Garnacha
Maturana Tinta (since 2007)
-above must be 85% of the blend, 95% if destemmed

Monastrell
Cabernet Sauvignon

7

Name the authorized grapes for Rioja white wine.

Viura (Macabeo)
Garnacha Blanca
Malvasia Riojano
Maturana Blanca

Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo cannot account for more than a combined 49% of the blend

8

Rosado Rioja wines require a minimum ____% of red grapes.

25%

9

What 3 autonomias comprise North Central Spain.

Navarra
La Rioja
Aragon

10

Describe the 3 subzones of Rioja.

-Rioja Alavesa-smallest, northernmost. Tempranillo with early consumption vino joven. May undergo carbonic maceration.
-Rioja Alta-warmer, classic age-worthy Tempranillo, Mazuelo, Graciano
-Rioja Baja-hottest, Garnacha does well.

11

Name the soil types of Rioja.

-High proportion of calcareous clay in Alta and Alavesa
-Alluvial soils and ferrous clay in Baja

12

What are the aging requirements for red Rioja "Crianza"?

2 years, 1 year must be in oak

13

What are the aging requirements for red Rioja "Reserva"?

3 years, 1 year must be in oak

14

What are the aging requirements for red Rioja "Gran Reserva"?

5 years, 2 in oak and 3 in bottle

15

What are the aging requirements for white and rosado Rioja wine?

Crianza- 2 years, may age in stainless steel
Reserva-2 years, 6 months must be in oak
Gran Reserva-4 years, 6 months must be in oak

16

Navarra is historically famous for what style of wine?

Rosado, but today red wine accounts for 60% of production.

17

Name the major red and white grape varietals of Navarra.

Garnacha
Tempranilla
Chardonnay (6% of vineyard acreage)

18

Name the 5 subregions of Navarra

Valdizarbe-north
Baja Montaña-north
Tierra Estella-north
Ribera Alta-center
Ribera Baja-south (hot)

19

Name 3 DO Pago of Navarra

Señorio de Arinzano-Tierra Estella
Prado Irache-Tierra Estella
Bodegas Otazu- Valdizarbe

20

Name the 4 DOs located in Aragon along with the associated grape varietal.

Campo de Borja-Garnacha
Catalayud-Garnacha
Cariñena-Garnacha (ancestral home of Mazuelo 1932)
Somontano-Alcañon, Parraleta