Flashcards in North Central Spain Deck (20):
What 2 mountain ranges divide France and Spain?
-Pyrenees Mountains to the North East
-Catabrian Mountains to the North West
What river emerges from the western Catabrian Mountains (southeast toward the Mediterranean)?
What is Rioja named after?
The Oja River
-a tributary of the Ebro
When was Rioja classified DOCa?
-the 1st DOCa
Who was Gonzalo de Berceo?
A benedictine clergyman who wrote about Rioja wine
-the first Spanish poetry committed to paper
Name all the authorized grapes for Rioja red wine.
Maturana Tinta (since 2007)
-above must be 85% of the blend, 95% if destemmed
Name the authorized grapes for Rioja white wine.
Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Verdejo cannot account for more than a combined 49% of the blend
Rosado Rioja wines require a minimum ____% of red grapes.
What 3 autonomias comprise North Central Spain.
Describe the 3 subzones of Rioja.
-Rioja Alavesa-smallest, northernmost. Tempranillo with early consumption vino joven. May undergo carbonic maceration.
-Rioja Alta-warmer, classic age-worthy Tempranillo, Mazuelo, Graciano
-Rioja Baja-hottest, Garnacha does well.
Name the soil types of Rioja.
-High proportion of calcareous clay in Alta and Alavesa
-Alluvial soils and ferrous clay in Baja
What are the aging requirements for red Rioja "Crianza"?
2 years, 1 year must be in oak
What are the aging requirements for red Rioja "Reserva"?
3 years, 1 year must be in oak
What are the aging requirements for red Rioja "Gran Reserva"?
5 years, 2 in oak and 3 in bottle
What are the aging requirements for white and rosado Rioja wine?
Crianza- 2 years, may age in stainless steel
Reserva-2 years, 6 months must be in oak
Gran Reserva-4 years, 6 months must be in oak
Navarra is historically famous for what style of wine?
Rosado, but today red wine accounts for 60% of production.
Name the major red and white grape varietals of Navarra.
Chardonnay (6% of vineyard acreage)
Name the 5 subregions of Navarra
Ribera Baja-south (hot)
Name 3 DO Pago of Navarra
Señorio de Arinzano-Tierra Estella
Prado Irache-Tierra Estella
Bodegas Otazu- Valdizarbe