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Flashcards in CEL 2 Deck (68)
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1

大日本帝国憲法の発布

promulgation of the Meiji Constitution

2

旧石器時代

the Old Stone Age

3

新石器時代

the New Stone Age

4

旧石器時代に続く10,000BCから300BC位までを縄文時代と呼びます

The period between roughly 10,000BC and 300BC that followed the Old Stone Age is called the Jomon period.

5

縄文時代に続く300BCから300AD位までを弥生時代と言います。

The period between roughly 300BC to 300AD that followed the Jomon period is called the Yayoi period.

6

七世紀初期に聖徳太子は中央集権化を進めた

In the early 7th century, Prince Shotoku pushed forward with the centralization of power.

7

進める

push forward with~

8

〜にならう

model after

9

七世紀後半に律令と呼ばれる法律が中国の法律にならって作られた

In the late 7th century, the laws called "ritsuryo" were stipulated, modeled after Chinese laws.

10

私地私民制

the system based on private land ownership

11

公地公民制

the system based on state land ownership

12

行政を行う地位は藤原氏が占めた

The administrative posts were dominated by the Fujiwara Clan.

13

反乱を起こす

rebel

14

中央政府に反乱を起こす侍もいた

Some samurai warriors started to rebel against the central government.

15

鎌倉幕府は14世紀に室町幕府に取って代わられた

The Kamakura shogunate was replaced by the Muromachi shogunate in the 14th century.

16

庶民文化

popular culture

17

1868年に明治政府が作られて日本は近代化の道を歩み始めた

In 1868, the new Meiji Government was founded, and Japan started its modernization process.

18

立憲君主制

constitutional monarchy

19

大日本帝国憲法が発布され日本は立憲君主制となった

The Meiji Constitution was promulgated and Japan became a constitutional monarchy.

20

民主化運動

pro-democracy movement

21

1946年に新しい憲法が発布され翌年施行された

The new constitution was promulgated in 1946 and took effect the following year.

22

国民主権、基本的人権の尊重、平和主義

the sovereignty of the people, respect for fundamental human rights and pacifism

23

琉球王国

the Ryukyu Kingdom

24

1951年にサンフランシスコ平和条約が調印され、日本は自治を回復した

In 1951, the San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed and Japan restored its autonomy.

25

縄文式土器

Jomon style earthen ware

26

弥生時代の特徴は水稲耕作、弥生式土器と青銅器、鉄器などである

The Yayoi period is characterized by wet-rice agriculture , Yayoi earthenware and bronze and iron wares.

27

卑弥呼

Queen Himiko

28

邪馬台国の場所については九州説、畿内説がある

As for the Yamatai Kingdom's location, there are the Kyusyu theory and the Kinai theory.

29

土地の所有権は地域の有力者から国へ移った

The ounership of land and people was shifted from regional leaders to the state.

30

有力貴族

powerful aristocratic family