Cell Structure and Physiology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cell Structure and Physiology Deck (20)
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1

_____ - Study of the morphology or structure of organisms, pertains to organization and form rather than function.

Anatomy

2

_____- Visible to the naked eye

Macroscopic Anatomy

3

_____- Visible with the aid of a microscope

Microscopic Anatomy

4

_____- The study of Individual cell structure

Cytology

5

_____- The study of the Structure of Tissues

Histology

6

_____- Study of Function

Physiology

7

_____- How cells work (ie. cardiomyocyteacardiac muscle cell)

Cellular Physiology

8

_____- How individual organs work (ie. Cardiac function)

Organ Physiology

9

_____- How unified systems work (ie. cardiovascular physiology or Cardiopulmonary physiology)

System Physiology

10

The _____ Houses DNA, Histones, Chromatin - double helix

Nucleus

11

Multi-nucleated cell example:

Muscle Cells

12

Anucleated cell example:

Red Blood Cells

13

Mononucleated example:

Nerve Cells

14

The _____ translates messenger RNA into Protein

Ribosomes

15

The _____ synthesizes protein that are packaged in secretory vesicles for extracellular release.

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

16

The _____ makes steroids, process lipids

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

17

The _____ posttranslational protein modification, Packages Proteins.

Golgi Apparatus

18

The _____
Powerhouse of the Cell
has own genome
only get from mother
Makes ATP
uses nutrients

Mitochondria

19

_____ - Breaks down chemical compounds (alcohol) - immune cells that protect against foreign things

Lysosomes

20

_____ are Liver and kidney cells - detoxify

Peroxisomes