Flashcards in Hematology Deck (33)
Blood cells are referred to as _____ all of which are suspended in _____ fluid.
_____ is plasma without coagulation factors (especially fibrinogen)
Plasma has a higher protein concentration which establishes the _____
~60% of plasma protein is _____
~35%of plasma protein are _____
What are the 3 types of Corpuscles?
Why do Erythrocytes appear red?
Due to the 200-300 molecules of hemoglobin in each
What are the 2 types of hemoglobin?
Type A (adult)
Type F (fetal)
What is Myoglobin?
this is the oxygen store within muscle fibers
its greater oxygen affinity curve allows for transfer of oxygen from blood to muscles
_____ is the formation of blood cells (corpuscles)
All corpuscles arise from cells known as _____.
Pluripotent uncommitted stem cells
_____ is the production of erythrocytes.
_____ is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the Kidneys (90%) and Liver (10%) that increases the rate of production of red blood cells in response to falling levels of oxygen in the tissues.
_____ anemia is caused by a lack of dietary iron, poor iron absorption or loss of iron stores
_____ anemia is a lack of vitamin B12
_____ anemia results from a decrease in blood cell production (radiation, benzene)
_____ anemia results from an increase RBC destruction surpassing replacement rate
_____ anemia is a result of blood loss
What are the 2 classifications of leukocytes?
Granulocytes can be subdivided in to 3 types. What are they?
What are the 2 types of Agranulocytes?
_____ is the most abundant leukocyte, formed in bone marrow. They contain multi-lobulated nuclei, and efficient in engulfing things.
As neutrophils granules become depleted this causes enzyme and histamine release prior to neutrophil death known as _____.
Neutrophil burst or degranulation
Neutrophils pass through capillary and venue pores in a process known as _____.
Neutrophils also produce _____ which cause the temperature regulatory center in the hypothalamus to raise body temperature (fever)
_____ originate in bone marrow, are motile and slightly phagocytic.
_____ originate in marrow and have little to no phagocytic activity.
_____ the largest of the leukocytes (about 3X the size of an erythrocyte). Capable of diapedesis, upon migration to tissue called macrophage
_____ nucleus is large, round and cell has little cytoplasm. There are T-_____ and B-_____.
(all same word)
T-lymphocytes complete their development in the _____ and B-lymphocytes mature in the _____.