Ch. 1-3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1-3 Deck (56)
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1

what is psychology?

scientific study of behavior and mental processes

2

what do psychologists and psychiatrists have in common?

both may focus on emotional and behavioral problems

3

what does APA stand for?

American Psychological Association

4

what does APA do?

study, research, writing, and applications of psychological studies

5

Who was know as the Father of Scientific Psychology? and what did he initiate?

Wilhelm Wundt and empirical approach to psychology

6

What is Structuralism?

identifying the structure of the mind. finding what is made up of

7

Humanistic Psychology

Emphasized positive qualities, capacity and free will

8

Who established Structuralism?

Edward Titcher a student of Wundt

9

Who was against Behaviorism and supported humanistic psychology

Abraham Maslow

10

Functionalism

The function and purpose of the mind

11

Who supported Functionalism?

William James "mind is a stream of consciousness"

12

Psychoanalysis

theory that or unconscious mind can change our behavior. biological instincts and childhood experiences influence our mind

13

Behaviorism

Mental experiences have no part. Behavior is the consequence of environment and learning

14

Who was behind Behaviorism?

Watson, Pavlov and Skinner

15

What is Neuropsychology?

the theory that the brain and nervous system play a large part in understanding behavior through genetics and biochemical processes

16

Evolutionary Psych. Approach

Adaptation, Reproduction, "survival of the fittest" explain behavior

17

Cognitive Psych.

emphasizes reasoning and mental processing of information, such as problem solving

18

Soci-Cultural Approach

Cultural context determines attitudes and behavior

19

Empirical Research Method

based on observation or experience

20

Descriptive Research Design

Describe variables as they exist

21

Experimental Research Design

establish cause and effect relationship between variables

22

Two types of Descriptive research Design

Naturalistic observation and participant obseravion

23

Naturalistic Observation

observing and recording behavior in natural settings

24

Participant Observation

researcher engages in the same activities as the people being observed

25

Extraneous Variables

Variables not of interest that may influence results

26

Confounding Variables

Extraneous variables not controlled

27

Constants

Controlled extraneous variables

28

What is the central nervous system made up of

brain and spinal cord

29

Two parts of the Peripheral nervous system

Somatic and Autonomic

30

What is the somatic nervous system

Sensor nerves and muscular activity

31

Autonomic nervous system

internal organs

32

sympathetic nervous system

arousal

33

parasympathetic nervous system

calms

34

Parts of the autonomic nervous system

sympathetic and parasympathetic

35

neurons

brain cells that send information to other cells

36

Glial cells

provides support and nutrition for the neurons

37

dendrites

receive the messages

38

axon

carry the messages through the cell body

39

myelin sheath

coats the axon and speeds up the message transmittion

40

terminal buttons

send information to other neurons

41

synapse

space between neurons

42

Resting Potential

state of a neuron when not engaged in action potential

43

polarization

inside of the neuron is negative charged compared to the outside of the neuron

44

major neurotransmitters

Serotonin, oxytocin, Gaba, acH,Dopamine, Epenirine

45

Corpus Callosum

bridge of fibers between two hempisheres

46

Thalamus

relay center for incoming sensory messages

47

cerebrum

sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, voluntary movemt

48

Amygdala

Limbic system, emotion and agression

49

Spinal cord

transmit information from the brain and body

50

Recticular Formation and pons

Carries information through brain stem dealing with sleep and arousal

51

medulla

breathing and circulation

52

Pituitary Gland

master gland, regulates endocrine glands

53

hypothamlus

hunger, thirst, temperature control

54

lobes of the brain

frontal, temporal, parietal, occipatal

55

what part of phineas cages lobe was impacted

frontal lobe

56

what was phineas unable to do

planning, reasoning