Flashcards in Ch. 1-3 Deck (56)
what is psychology?
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
what do psychologists and psychiatrists have in common?
both may focus on emotional and behavioral problems
what does APA stand for?
American Psychological Association
what does APA do?
study, research, writing, and applications of psychological studies
Who was know as the Father of Scientific Psychology? and what did he initiate?
Wilhelm Wundt and empirical approach to psychology
What is Structuralism?
identifying the structure of the mind. finding what is made up of
Emphasized positive qualities, capacity and free will
Who established Structuralism?
Edward Titcher a student of Wundt
Who was against Behaviorism and supported humanistic psychology
The function and purpose of the mind
Who supported Functionalism?
William James "mind is a stream of consciousness"
theory that or unconscious mind can change our behavior. biological instincts and childhood experiences influence our mind
Mental experiences have no part. Behavior is the consequence of environment and learning
Who was behind Behaviorism?
Watson, Pavlov and Skinner
What is Neuropsychology?
the theory that the brain and nervous system play a large part in understanding behavior through genetics and biochemical processes
Evolutionary Psych. Approach
Adaptation, Reproduction, "survival of the fittest" explain behavior
emphasizes reasoning and mental processing of information, such as problem solving
Cultural context determines attitudes and behavior
Empirical Research Method
based on observation or experience
Descriptive Research Design
Describe variables as they exist
Experimental Research Design
establish cause and effect relationship between variables
Two types of Descriptive research Design
Naturalistic observation and participant obseravion
observing and recording behavior in natural settings
researcher engages in the same activities as the people being observed
Variables not of interest that may influence results
Extraneous variables not controlled
Controlled extraneous variables
What is the central nervous system made up of
brain and spinal cord
Two parts of the Peripheral nervous system
Somatic and Autonomic
What is the somatic nervous system
Sensor nerves and muscular activity
Autonomic nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
Parts of the autonomic nervous system
sympathetic and parasympathetic
brain cells that send information to other cells
provides support and nutrition for the neurons
receive the messages
carry the messages through the cell body
coats the axon and speeds up the message transmittion
send information to other neurons
space between neurons
state of a neuron when not engaged in action potential
inside of the neuron is negative charged compared to the outside of the neuron
Serotonin, oxytocin, Gaba, acH,Dopamine, Epenirine
bridge of fibers between two hempisheres
relay center for incoming sensory messages
sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, voluntary movemt
Limbic system, emotion and agression
transmit information from the brain and body
Recticular Formation and pons
Carries information through brain stem dealing with sleep and arousal
breathing and circulation
master gland, regulates endocrine glands
hunger, thirst, temperature control
lobes of the brain
frontal, temporal, parietal, occipatal
what part of phineas cages lobe was impacted