Ch. 1 Orientation to Medications Flashcards Preview

Principles of Pharmacology > Ch. 1 Orientation to Medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 1 Orientation to Medications Deck (24):
1

What is the study of disease processes in the human body, including changes in structure and function?

A. Pathology
B. Psychology
C. Physiology
D. Pharmacology

A. Pathology

2

The absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs is known as?

A. Pharmacodynamics
B. Pharmacokinetics
C. Pharmacy
D. Pharmacology

B. Pharmacokinetics

3

The desired or predicted physiologic response to a drug in the body is called its what?

A. Dynamic
B. Side effect
C. Therapeutic effect
D. Indication

C. Therapeutic effect

4

What are desirable or undesirable effects of a drug that are not related to the main action of the drug?

A. Beneficial effects
B. Therapeutic effects
C. Synergistic effects
D. Side effects

D. Side effects

5

The four sources of drugs are?

A. Roots, seeds, grasses, and leaves
B. Tissues, organs, gums, and oils
C. Plants, animals, minerals, and chemicals
D. Oils, plants, hormones, and chemicals

C. Plants, animals, minerals, and chemicals

6

What is an example of a drug made from a plant source?

A. Morphine
B. Codeine
C. Digitalis
D. All of these

D. All of these

7

What are drugs used to prevent disease?

A. Antibiotics
B. Vaccines
C. Antifungals
D. Vitamins

B. Vaccines

8

sed for what purpose?

A. To improve quality of life
B. To prevent infection
C. To treat cancer
D. To prevent pregnancy

A. To improve quality of life

9

Drug standards have been established to ensure that preparations called by the same drug name are uniform in terms of their what?

A. Dosage, quality, and formula
B. Strength, quality, and purity
C. Quality, currency, and strength
D. Ingredients, strength, and purity

B. Strength, quality, and purity

10

as its official list of drug standards?

A. United States Pharmacopeia Dispensing Information
B. Physician's Desk Reference (PDR®)
C. United States Pharmacopeia/National Formulary
D. American Hospital Formulary Service Information Book

C. United States Pharmacopeia/National Formulary

11

Drug standards are necessary to what?

A. Control differences that can occur due to variation in manufacturing methods or locations
B. Prevent the sale of illegal drugs
C. Regulate manufacturers' research, development, and marketing practices
D. Address quality control problems and product recalls

A. Control differences that can occur due to variation in manufacturing methods or locations

12

Drug standards help physicians how?

A. Confirm they made an accurate diagnosis
B. Communicate with patients about the effects of drugs
C. Ensure that patients receive the correct drugs at the pharmacy
D. Prescribe accurate dosages and predict the results

D. Prescribe accurate dosages and predict the results

13

What is the nonproprietary drug name assigned by the manufacturer with the approval of the United States Adopted Names (USAN) Council?

A. Trade name
B. Brand name
C. Generic name
D. Chemical name

C. Generic name

14

What is also known as the trade or proprietary name of a drug sold by a specific manufacturer?

A. USAN name
B. Brand name
C. Official name
D. Generic name

B. Brand name

15

Which drug reference contains information about products of major pharmaceutical companies, including descriptions
and information on actions, indications, adverse reactions, dosage, and administration?

A. United States Pharmacopeia Dispensing Information
B. Physician's Desk Reference (PDR®)
C. United States Pharmacopeia/National Formulary
D. American Hospital Formulary Service Information Book

B. Physician's Desk Reference (PDR®)

16

If you know the generic name for a drug but not the brand names under which it is sold, how would you use the PDR® to find that information?

A. Look up the generic name in the Brand and Generic Name index
B. Look up the generic name in the Product Identification Guide
C. Look up the generic name in the Nursing Drug Reference section
D. Look up the generic name in the Product Category Index

A. Look up the generic name in the Brand and Generic Name index

17

What are a drug reference tool you can create and customize yourself or purchase as a print or electronic set?

A. Drug inserts
B. Drug files
C. Drug cards
D. Drug directions

C. Drug cards

18

Drug cards typically contain, at minimum, what?

A. Drug name, manufacturer, and adverse reactions
B. Route of administration, dosage range, and common packaging
C. Actions, side effects, and how long it has been on the market
D. Drug name, action, uses, dosage range, side effects, and precautions

D. Drug name, action, uses, dosage range, side effects, and precautions

19

What is the legislation that regulates the manufacture and sale of narcotics and dangerous drugs?

A. Patriot Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005
B. Drug Regulation and Reform Act of 1978
C. Controlled Substances act of 1990
D. Orphan Drug Act of 1983

C. Controlled Substances act of 1990

20

The Orphan Drug Act of 1983 is legislation that does what?

A. Provides incentives for manufacturers to speed up the development of drugs to treat patients with rare diseases
B. Provides incentives for manufacturers to donate drugs to children suffering from rare diseases
C. Provides easier access to drugs for children in orphanages and foster care situations who have life-threatening diseases
D. Requires insurance companies to cover controversial drugs used to treat rare diseases

A. Provides incentives for manufacturers to speed up the development of drugs to treat patients with rare diseases

21

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and regulates what?

A. Drug researchers, manufacturers, and pharmacists to set pricing
B. The development and prescribing of generic and brand name drugs
C. Research that leads to the development of new OTC and prescription drugs
D. Drug development, manufacture, and sales to ensure safety and effectiveness

D. Drug development, manufacture, and sales to ensure safety and effectiveness

22

What is the federal agency that enforces the Controlled Substances Act?

A. Department of Health and Human Services
B. Drug Enforcement Administration
C. Federal Bureau of Investigation
D. Food and Drug Administration

B. Drug Enforcement Administration

23

Why must health professionals be familiar with the laws related to drugs and controlled substances?

A. To protect health care workers from possible lawsuits or legal issues
B. To protect the safety of patients
C. To protect health care workers from making errors
D. All of these

D. All of these

24

In addition to federal laws related to drugs and controlled substances, with what other laws and regulations should health
professionals be familiar?

A. State laws
B. Medicare or Medicaid regulations if your facility receives payments from these government programs
C. Health care facility rules and regulations
D. All of these

D. All of these