Ch. 8 Drugs for the Eye and Ear Flashcards Preview

Principles of Pharmacology > Ch. 8 Drugs for the Eye and Ear > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 8 Drugs for the Eye and Ear Deck (25):
1

Which term describes a bacterial infection of the eyelids that causes crusting, redness, and irritation of the eyelids?

A. Canthitis
B. Scleritis
C. Blepharitis
D. Conjunctivits

C. Blepharitis

2

Which structure gives the eye its color?

A. Cornea
B. Pupil
C. Iris
D. Retina

C. Iris

3

Which term means ringing in the ears?

A. Presbycusis
B. Otitis
C. Vertigo
D. Tinnitis

D. Tinnitis

4

Which term describes a lessened ability, as a result of aging, to hear high-pitched sounds?

A. Ménière's disease
B. Presbycusis
C. Tinnitus
D. Serous otitis media

B. Presbycusis

5

Which is the function of cerumen?

A. Lubricates middle ear bones
B. Protects the ear from dust
C. Conducts sound
D. Keeps tympanic membrane pliable

B. Protects the ear from dust

6

Which term describes an infection of the sebaceous glands, commonly referred to as a sty?

A. Hordeolum
B. Adenitis
C. Canthus
D. Blepharitis

A. Hordeolum

7

Which condition may be caused by bacterial, viral, or chlamydial microorganisms?

A. Blepharitis
B. Ophthalmitis
C. Tinnitus
D. Conjunctivitis

D. Conjunctivitis

8

Which term means farsightedness, a condition that normally occurs as a result of the aging process?

A. Amblyopia
B. Presbyopia
C. Diplopia
D. Myopia

B. Presbyopia

9

Which visual structure has decreased sharpness of vision and loss of central vision as the patient ages?

A. Retina
B. Lens
C. Cornea
D. Iris

A. Retina

10

Which condition describes a problem with either the external or middle ear?

A. Sensorineural hearing loss
B. Acoustic hearing loss
C. Central hearing loss
D. Conductive hearing loss

D. Conductive hearing loss

11

Which auditory structure has, as an effect of aging, an increase in cerumen, drier cerumen, and an increase in hair?

A. External ear
B. Middle ear
C. Inner ear
D. Auditory muscles

A. External ear

12

Which is an eye disorder characterized by increased intraocular pressure?

A. Glaucoma
B. Cataracts
C. Hordeolum
D. Blepharitis

A. Glaucoma

13

Which structure is part of the external ear?

A. Stapes
B. Tympanic membrane
C. Pinna
D. Cochlea

C. Pinna

14

Which immunization may assist with preventing hearing problems?

A. Influenza
B. Pneumonia
C. Hepatitis B virus
D. Measles

D. Measles

15

Tobramycin (Tobrex) is an ophthalmic ointment used to treat which condition?

A. Diplopia
B. Cataracts
C. Glaucoma
D. Eye infections

D. Eye infections

16

Which condition would be treated using lubricating drops and irrigation of the ear canal?

A. Vertigo
B. Otitis media
C. Cerumen
D. External otitis

C. Cerumen

17

Which procedure should be followed when administering an ophthalmic medication that causes systemic effects?

A. Press gently against the inner corner of the eye and the nose bone
B. Instruct the patient to keep his eye closed for 30 to 90 seconds
C. Press gently against the outer canthus.
D. Instruct the patient to close the eye and rub the eyelid in a circular motion

A. Press gently against the inner corner of the eye and the nose bone

18

Which type of hearing loss results in difficulty in understanding the meaning of words heard, or in the inability to understand the meaning of incoming sounds and words?

A. Peripheral
B. Conductive
C. Sensorineural
D. Central

D. Central

19

Which of the following means dizziness?

A. Vertigo
B. Presbycusis
C. Tinnittus
D. Diplopia

A. Vertigo

20

Which statement describes why the incidence of hearing loss is increasing?

A. People are living longer
B. More senior citizens have access to healthcare
C. More equipment is available to screen more patients for hearing loss
D. Healthcare team members are helping with early identification of problems

A. People are living longer

21

Ototoxicity can be caused by which type of drugs?

A. Mydriatics
B. Aspirin
C. Beta blockers
D. Penicillins

B. Aspirin

22

Which type of hearing loss results in an alteration in the perception of, or sensitivity to, high-pitched tones?

A. Conductive
B. Peripheral
C. Sensorineural
D. Central

C. Sensorineural

23

Which term is used to describe the conduction and amplification of sounds waves from the environment?

A. Amplification
B. Acoustic
C. Air conduction
D. Otic

C. Air conduction

24

Which type of hearing loss results in an alteration in the patient's perception of, or sensitivity to, sounds?

A. Peripheral
B. Conductive
C. Central
D. Sensorineural

B. Conductive

25

Which procedure should be followed after instilling eye ointment?

A. Instruct the patient to close the eye and rub the eyelid in a circular motion
B. Instruct the patient to keep the eye closed for 30 to 90 seconds
C. Press gently against the inner corner of the eye and the nose bone
D. Press gently against the outer canthus

A. Instruct the patient to close the eye and rub the eyelid in a circular motion