Ch. 3 Measurement and Dosage Calculations Flashcards Preview

Principles of Pharmacology > Ch. 3 Measurement and Dosage Calculations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 3 Measurement and Dosage Calculations Deck (29):
1

The improper fraction 18/6 equals what whole number?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 6
D. 8

B. 3

2

The basic unit of weight in the _________________ system is the grain.

A. Household
B. Metric
C. Apothecary
D. Arabic

C. Apothecary

3

Under the metric system, what is the abbreviation for a milligram?

A. mL
B. mgr
C. ml
D. mg

D. mg

4

If a dose of cough syrup is ordered by the teaspoon (tsp), this is an example of measurement using the _________________ system.

A. Household
B. British
C. Metric
D. Apothecary

A. Household

5

What is the common metric equivalent of one fluid ounce or 2 tablespoons?

A. 20 mL
B. 30 mL
C. 15 mL
D. 50 mL

B. 30 mL

6

Convert from grams to milligrams: 1.5 g = _________________ mg.

A. 1000
B. 2500
C. 1500
D. 3000

C. 1500

7

Convert from milligrams to grams: 450 mg = _________________ g.

A. .05
B. .04
C. .50
D. .45

D. .45

8

Convert from milliliters to teaspoons: 10 mL = _________________ teaspoons.

A. 1.5
B. 2
C. 2.5
D. 5

B. 2

9

One teaspoon equals _________________ mL.

A. 1-2
B. 3-4
C. 4-5
D. 5-6

C. 4-5

10

Convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius temperature: 101.2°F = _________________.

A. 39.6°C
B. 38.4°C
C. 37.2°C
D. 36°C

B. 38.4

11

Convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit temperature: 39°C = _________________.

A. 98.2°F
B. 101.4°F
C. 102.2°F
D. 103.4°F

C. 102.2°F

12

The physician orders 150 mg of rimantadine hydrochloride (Flumadine) twice daily for a patient. Your supply is 100 mg tablets.
How many tablets do you give at each dose?

A. 1.25
B. 2
C. 2.5
D. 1.5

D. 1.5

13

The physician orders acetaminophen and codeine phosphate at a dose of 300 mg/60 mg four times a day to treat a patient's pain. Your supply
of the combination acetaminophen and codeine phosphate tablets is 300 mg/30 mg strength. You also have 30 mg codeine tablets available.
How many of each tablet will you administer in a 24-hour period?

A. 4 combo and 4 codeine
B. 4 combo and 2 codeine
C. 2 combo and 2 codeine
D. 2 combo and 4 codeine

A. 4 combo and 4 codeine

14

The physician orders 900,000 U of procaine penicillin (Wycillin) IM once daily for 10 days to treat an upper respiratory infection. If one milliliter
supplies 300,000 U, how many milliliters do you inject at each dose?

A. 9 mL
B. 10 mL
C. 3 mL
D. 30 mL

C. 3 mL

15

The physician orders an initial dose of 3 grams of sulfisoxazole to treat a urinary tract infection. How many milligrams do you administer for
this dose?

A. 2500 mg
B. 3000 mg
C. 1500 mg
D. 3500 mg

B. 3000 mg

16

The physician orders a dose of 10 mg of simvastatin (Zocor) each evening for a patient. Your supply is 20 mg tablets. How many tablets do you give at each dose?

A. One-half
B. One-quarter
C. 1.5
D. 2

A. One-half

17

The physician orders promethazine/codeine cough syrup 5 mL every 4 to 6 hours. How many teaspoons do you give at each dose?

A. 3
B. 2
C. 1.5
D. 1

D. 1

18

The physician orders vancomycin hydrochloride 12 mg/kg IV every 8 to 12 hours for a pediatric patient with a bacterial infection. The child
weighs 42 pounds. Convert the child's weight to kilograms.

A. 17 kg
B. 18 kg
C. 19 kg
D. 20 kg

C. 19 kg

19

The physician orders vancomycin hydrochloride 12 mg/kg IV every 8 to 12 hours for a pediatric patient with a bacterial infection. The child
weighs 19 kg. What dose do you give?

A. 190 mg
B. 228 mg
C. 247 mg
D. 275 mg

B. 228 mg

20

The physician orders 1000 mL of normal saline 0.9% to run in 12 hours. The IV set delivers 20 gtts per mL. You will administer
_________________ gtts per minute.

A. 21
B. 22
C. 24
D. 28

D. 28

21

0.1 g = ______________mg

100

22

325 mg = ____________ g

0.325

23

2.5 g = _________ mg

2500

24

100 F = ________ °C

37.8

25

150 lbs = __________ kg

68.2

26

109 lbs = ___________ kg

49.5

27

234 lbs = ____________ kg

106.3

28

32 kg = ____________ lbs

70.4

29

80 kg = ____________ lbs

176