Ch. 6 Vitamins, Minerals, and Herbs Flashcards Preview

Principles of Pharmacology > Ch. 6 Vitamins, Minerals, and Herbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 6 Vitamins, Minerals, and Herbs Deck (20):
1

According to the USDA MyPlate, beans are part of the _________________ food group.

A. Starchy carbohydrate
B. Meat (proteins)
C. Vegetarian
D. Meat substitute

B. Meat (proteins)

2

Cereal, pasta, bread, and rice are part of which Food Pyramid group?

A. Fortified foods
B. Whole grains
C. Grains
D. Processed foods

C. Grains

3

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are _________________ vitamins that are not easily eliminated from the body.

A. Water-soluble
B. Oil-based
C. Highly toxic
D. Fat-soluble

D. Fat-soluble

4

Water-soluble vitamins cannot be stored in the body and must be replenished each day from _________________ food sources.

A. Multiple
B. Water-containing
C. Plant and animal
D. Natural

C. Plant and animal

5

Vitamin _________________ is also known as retinol.

A. C
B. A
C. K
D. B6

B. A

6

Sunlight, fish, liver oil, and fortified dairy products are sources of which vitamin?

A. Folic acid
B. E
C. D
D. Niacin

C. D

7

Vitamin C, found in citrus fruits and dark green vegetables is also known as

A. Ascorbic acid
B. Folate
C. Citric acid
D. Pantothenic acid

A. Ascorbic acid

8

Vitamin _________________ is necessary for normal functioning of the nervous system, forming red blood cells, and building genetic material.

A. Biotin
B. B2
C. B6
D. B12

D. B12

9

Biotin helps form fatty acids and metabolizes

A. Starches
B. Protein
C. Carbohydrates
D. Fats

B. Protein

10

Vitamin B1, thiamine, is necessary for normal nerve conduction and _________________ function.

A. Pulmonary
B. Joint
C. Heart
D. Digestive

C. Heart

11

The Recommended Daily Allowance of folic acid is

A. 200 mcg
B. 400 mcg
C. 40 mg
D. 20 mg

B. 400 mcg

12

Because Vitamin E (tocopherol) is fat-soluble and not excreted quickly, patients must be careful not to take this vitamin in excess; the Recommended Daily Allowance is

A. 30 IU
B. 50 IU
C. 100 IU
D. 20 IU

A. 30 IU

13

_________________ can be obtained by eating meat and poultry, tuna, cereals, and whole grains.

A. Biotin
B. Riboflavin (B2)
C. Niacin
D. Pyridoxine (B6)

C. Niacin

14

Vitamin K is found in

A. Citrus fruits
B. Meat and poultry
C. Nuts and seeds
D. Green leafy vegetables

D. Green leafy vegetables

15

Bone softening, fragile bones, muscle twitching, and spasms are signs of _________________ deficiency.

A. Vitamin A
B. Vitamin D
C. Vitamin C
D. Vitamin E

B. Vitamin D

16

_________________ is a symptom of Vitamin A deficiency.

A. Blurred vision
B. Scurvy
C. Night blindness
D. Muscle weakness

C. Night blindness

17

Kidney stones or a urinary tract infection can result from taking megadoses of _________________ over time.

A. Vitamin B12
B. Vitamin D
C. Vitamin C
D. Vitamin A

C. Vitamin C

18

The condition that occurs from taking excessive doses of vitamins over time is called

A. Pernicious anemia
B. Hypovitaminosis
C. Rickets
D. Hypervitaminosis

D. Hypervitaminosis

19

Megadoses of _________________ can cause a rapid heart rate, headaches, and difficulty sleeping.

A. Vitamin E
B. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
C. Vitamin A
D. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

B. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

20

Hypernatremia, fluid retention, and confusion are symptoms of excess _________________ in the body.

A.
B.
C.
D.

C.