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Flashcards in Ch. 1 Test Deck (45):
0

The process of producing food from water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight is called?

Photosynthesis

1

Organisms that eat only plants

Herbivores

2

The movement of digested food and other materials throughout the body of an organism is?

Circulation

3

The rebuilding of worn out or injured body parts and tissues by an organism is?

Self- repair

4

The process by which oxygen reacting with food molecules to produce energy needed by an organism to fulfill its life processes is?

Respiration

5

During excretion the kidneys remove what?

Urea and excess water

6

During excretion the lungs remove what?

Carbon dioxide and excess water

7

What is excretion?

The ridding of the body of waste products

8

Fires, floods; droughts, and storms are what type of stimuli?

Abiotic

9

An organism that is attached to a substrate and incapable of self moment is what?

Sessile

10

What is the only life process not necessary for an individual to survive?

Reproduction

11

Budding, regeneration, and binary fission are what types of reproduction?

Asexual

12

The acquisition of energy or ingesting food is called what?

Nutrition

13

The process by which an organism produces offspring through the exchange of genetic material is referred to as what?

Sexual Reproduction

14

The process by which an organism produces offspring without exchanging genetic material is?

Asexual Reproduction

15

What is the process by which living things react/ respond to changing conditions in their environment?

Response

16

The process by which simple substance are broken down through digestion and pass through internal parts of an organism is?

Absorption

17

The process by which an organism changed from its juvenile stage into its mature form is?

Development

18

The process by which chemical bonds holding atoms of food molecules are broken down to produce energy for life functions is?

Respiration

19

The process by which food molecules are moved throughout the body to the individual cells and wasted products are picked up for elimination is?

Circulation

20

What form of digestion is the process by which food is broken down initially before being ingested?

Extracellular

21

What form of digestion is the process by which food is broken down within the cells into its component atoms?

Intracellular

22

The process by which digested food is converted into new living tissue if the organism that consumed it is?

Assimilation

23

Organisms that consume other things to gain energy

Heterotrophs

24

Feeds on only heterotrophs

Carnivore

25

Feeds off both autotrophs and heterotrophs

Omnivore

26

Organism that is capable of producing its own food

Autotrophs

27

Type of organism that feeds on the fluids of the internal organs of its host is?

Endo- Parasite

28

Type of organism that feeds of dead or decaying organisms

Scavengers

29

Type of organism that feeds in the fluids just below the epidermis if its host

Ecto-Parasite

30

Autotrophs use sunlight to produce food are using what?

Photosynthesis

31

Autotrophs use chemicals to produce food are using what process?

Chemosynthesis

32

During Assimilation simple sugars are converted into what?

Fats, oils, starches, and glycogen

33

During Assimilation amino acids are converted into what?

Proteins and enzymes

34

What 2 vessels are involved in carrying food and wastes throughout the body?

Arteries and veins

35

What does an artery do?

Pumps food and oxygen to cells

36

What does the vein do?

Pumps waste and carbons dioxide away from cells

37

What two vessels carry food and water throughout plants?

Xylem and Phloem

38

What does the xylem do?

Pumps water minerals up from the roots

39

What does phloem do?

Pumps food down to the roots

40

An organism uses its 5 senses to pick up what from its environment?

Stimuli

41

The reaction of organisms to the changes in their environment are?

Responses

42

The process which a sperm united with the ovum during sexual reproduction is?

Fertilization

43

Why are life processes of an organism so difficult to detect and classify?

Huge variety of living things, most life processes are internal, many organisms feed internally or camouflage, habitats are hard to reach diverse and hostile, and animals move around are hard to find and often flee

44

What are examples of extremely diverse, hostile, and difficult to reach habitats?

Deep oceans, mountains, rainforests