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Flashcards in Test 4 Deck (28):
0

What organelles are found only in animal cells?

Lysosomes and centrioles

1

What organelles are only found in plants

Vacuoles, plastids, cell wall

2

What is the function of lysosomes?

Break down worn out organelles

3

What is the function of centrioles?

Form spindle during mitosis

4

What is the function if vacuoles?

Hold water for photosynthesis; create turgor pressure

5

What is the function if plastids?

Calibrating photosynthetic pigments

6

What is the function of the cell wall?

Maintain shape and adds protection to cell

7

What is green algae's scientific name?

Chlorophyta

8

What is brown algae's scientific name?

Phaeophyta

9

What is red algae's scientific name?

Theosophy ya

10

What is blue green algae's scientific name?

Cyanophyta

11

What is golden brown algae's scientific name?

Chrysophyta

12

What are the 3 major kingdoms represented by algae and marine plants?

Monera(blue green algae)
Protista(green, red, golden brown)
Plantae(sea grass, salt marsh, mangroves)

13

The thallus is called a sporophyte which produces spores that are diploid and have the same number of chromosomes as parent cell

Asexual

14

The thallus is called a gametophyte which produces gametes, which are sperm and egg which are haploid

Sexual

15

What are the 3 major challenges faced by algae/ seaweed that grow near shore waters?

Dessication(drying out)
Grazing (being eaten)
Attachment to substrate( to withstand waves)

16

What 2 major adaptations have seaweed/ macro algae made to survive along rocky shorelines?

Holdfast & air bladder

17

What is a fibrous filament that attaches kelp plants to Seabeds?

Holdfast

18

What helps float up stipe and blade if kelp to surface waters?

Air bladder

19

What are the 5 major uses of algae by humans?

Used to prepare foods
Used in medicine
Used in manufacturing goods such as paint
Used in making paper products
Used in bacterial growth studies

20

What 4 areas are necessary for the formation of salt marshes

Distinctive tidal fluctuation
Low impact wave areas
Estuary areas
Salinity kept within tolerance level

21

List the reasons salt marshes are important to animals found in estuaries?

They provide nursery areas, food, and shelter

22

What are the 3 types of mangroves?

Rhizophoria mangle-water edge
Avicennia Germinas-mid range
Languncularia Racemosa- upper

23

Mangroves are what kind of plants

Emergent

24

What are the 3 major reasons got the decline in sea grass?

Dredge and fill operations
Degraded water quality
Runoff of pollutants and sediments

25

What are the 5 ways mangroves aid in health of coastal life?

Protect nurseries
Provide food
Provide shelter
Provide nesting sites
Provide attachment surfaces

26

What 3 benefits do mangroves provide to humans?

Protect uplands from storm winds/waves
Prevent erosion
Filter water to improve clarity

27

What are the 3 reasons for the loss of Floridas mangroves?

Commercial development
Waterfront development
Drainage of marshes