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Flashcards in Unit 6 Deck (16):
0

The sloping surface between the outer edge of the continental shelf and the ocean basin

Continental slope

1

The movement of a substance caused by differences in its temperature

Convection current

2

The result of the Earth's rotation causing a water mass or moving object to flow to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere

Coriolis effect

3

Path or direction

Course

4

Movement of water caused by uneven temperatures or winds

Current

5

Warm water currents that flow away from the equator

Equatorial currents

6

Warm- water current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico around Florida and up the East Coast of North America

Gulf Stream

7

Circular or spiral patterns; refers to circular motion of major ocean currents

Gyres

8

Half of a sphere

Hemisphere

9

Current located in the surf zone, running parallel to the shore as a result of waves breaking at an angle on the shore

Longshore currents

10

Cold-water currents that flow toward the equator

Polar currents

11

The current as it meets land and moves back into the ocean

Reversing current

12

Strong, narrow current at or near the surface of the shoreline flowing back toward sea

Rip current

13

Powerful winds produced by the Earth's rotation; movement of air toward the equator from the northeast in the northern hemisphere and southeast in the Southern Hemisphere

Trade winds

14

Strong, underwater current of water, sand, and silt that erodes the ocean bottom

Turbidity current

15

Process by which deep, cold, nutrient rich water is brought to the surface usually by water currents or winds that pull water away from the coast

Upwelling a