Ch. 12 Endocrine Flashcards Preview

Bio 218 > Ch. 12 Endocrine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 12 Endocrine Deck (51):
1

Gland with duct to surface

Exocrine

2

Gland that puts hormones in the blood

Endocrine

3

Loop that encourages more hormone release

Positive feedback loop

4

Loop that shuts down hormone release

Negative feedback loop

5

Too much secretion

Hypersecretion

6

Too little secretion

Hyposecretion

7

Too little hGH leads to...

Dwarfism

8

Too much hGH leads to...

GIantism

9

Too much hGH after puberty leads to...

Acromegaly

10

What stimulates milk/uterine contractions

Oxytocin

11

Decreased oxytocin can be treated with...

Pitocin

12

Increase oxytocin can lead to

Braxton Hicks

13

Hyposecretion of ADH can lead to...

Diabetes Insipidus

14

Hypersecretion of ADH can lead to...

Toxemia of pregnancy

15

What stimulates metabolic rate?

Thyroxine

16

Hyposecretion of thyroxine leads to...

Hypothyroidism

17

Hypothyroidism is also known as...

Myxedema

18

Congenital lack of thyroxine leads to mental retardation

Cretinism

19

Hypersecretion of thyroxine

Hyperthyroidism

20

Hyperthyroidism is also known as...

Graves

21

Condition of being bug eyed from Hyperthyroidism

Exophthalmos

22

Hyposecretion of calcitonin

Bone density loss

23

Hypersecretion of calcitonin

Bone spurs/renal calculi

24

Hyposecretion of calcitonin is known as...

Hypercalcemia

25

Hypersecretion of calcitonin is known as...

Hypocalcemia

26

What increases blood calcium levels?

Parathyroid hormone

27

Hyposecretion of parathyroid hormone

Hypothyroidism

28

Facial twitch

Chvostek's sign

29

Carpel Flexion

Trousseau's sign

30

Kidney stones, osteoporosis and arteriosclerosis are signs of...

Hypercalcemia

31

What regulates Metabolism?

Glucocorticoids

32

High glucocorticoids are known as...

Cushings syndrome

33

Low glucocorticoids are known as...

Addison syndrome

34

Cushings syndrome leads to...

Hyperglycemia/hypertension

35

Addison syndrome leads to...

Hypoglycemia/Hypotension

36

What retains sodium as well as water?

Mineralcorticoids

37

High amounts of mineralcorticoids is...

Conn's Syndrome

38

Muscle weakness, headaches, alkalosis are signs of...

Conn's syndrome

39

Enhance male characteristics...

Androgens

40

High androgens leads to...

Virilism

41

Sx of virilism

Stocky build, hair, deep voice (women)

42

Over productions of catecholamines

(Tiger) tachepnea, Tachacardia

43

Under production of catecholamines

Eaor

44

Over secretion of insulin

Hypoglycemia

45

Under secretion of insulin

Hyperglycemia (diabetes melitus)

46

Too much glucagon

Hyperglycemia

47

Cause of diabetic coma

Hyperglycemia

48

Cause of insulin shock

Hypoglycemia

49

Too much Testoserone

Hirsutism, short stocky build

50

Too little testoserone

Eunichism

51

Retain sodium-> water

Mineralcorticoids