Ch. 13 Nervous Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 13 Nervous Deck (78):
1

Embryonic CNS is also known as...

Neural Tube

2

Top of neural tube

Anterior neuropore

3

Bottom of neural tube

Posterior neuropore

4

Posterior neural pore doesn't close

Spina bifida

5

Anterior neuropore doesn't close

Anencephali

6

Spina Bifida that has little to no deficit

Spina Bifida Occulta

7

Spina bifida with protruding CS sack

Meningocele

8

Spina Bifida with some cord outside body

Meningomyelocele

9

Spina Bifida with undeveloped cord (BAD)

Myelocele

10

Water on the Brain

Hydrocephalus (Blockage causing back up in ventricles)

11

Increased cranial pressure leads to...

Headaches

12

Diffused pain is what kind of headache?

Common

13

Alergies, inflamation, Muscle tension etc.

Headache triggers

14

Focused headache behind eyes

Cluster headaches

15

Headache more common in men 30-60 minutes

Cluster

16

Headache more common in women hrs-days

Migraine

17

CNS infection in the meninges (fever)

Meningitis

18

CNS infection in the brain tissue (No fever)

Encephalitis

19

Pocket of bacteria in brain

Abscess

20

Recurrent Seisures

Epilepsy

21

Constant Seisure

Status Elepticus

22

Fever induced seizure

Febrile

23

Loss of awareness seizure seen in children

Petit mal

24

Loss of conciousness seaizure

Grand mal

25

Direct loss of function degeneration

Neuronal

26

Neronal degeneration can lead to what?

Seizures

27

What cells support/protect neurons

Neuroglia

28

Repeated micro contractions of muscle

Tremors

29

tremors at rest

Essential

30

Tremors while moving

Non-essential

31

Neurofibrillary tangles, amyloid plaques, fibrosis in the thalmus cause

Alsheimers

32

90% of degenerative disease is..

Demyelenating

33

Damage to motor nerves (autoimmune)

Multiple Sclerosis

34

Idiopathic upper or lower limb issues

Amytrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrigs)

35

Damage to nuclei (idopathic)

Parkinsons

36

Atrophy of basil nuclei (autosomal dominant)

Huntingtons

37

Repeated jerky movments associated with Huntingtons

Chorea

38

Impact on same side as damage

Coupe

39

Impact on opposite side as damage

Counter-coupe

40

Bruise or bleed is aka

Contusion

41

Pocket of blood

hematoma

42

Physical Trauma to the brain

Concussion

43

Damage to cerebral cortex @ or near birth

Cerebral Palsy

44

Causes of cerebral palsy

Trauma, infection, chems

45

Trauma to CNS <5yrs

shaken baby syndrome

46

Neuroglial Tissue Tumor (malignant/metastatic)

Glioma

47

Most common brain cancer

Gliblastoma (any neuroglial cell)

48

Nervous tissue becomes cancer

Malignant neuroma

49

Subjective interpretation of problem

Pain

50

Skind pain

Cutaneous

51

Deeper, internal focused acute pain

Somatic

52

Deep diffused pain

Visceral

53

Pain from damaged nerves

Neuropathic

54

Incorrect location pain

Referred pain

55

Retina nerve pain

Retinopathy

56

Unequal pupil size (alingment)

Anisocoria

57

Cross eyed

Strabismus

58

Double vision

Diplopia

59

Involuntary eye movement

Nystagmus

60

Near sightedness

Myopia

61

Far sightedness

Hyperopia

62

Age related vision changes

Presbyopia

63

Irregular curve causing blurred vision

Astigmatism

64

Scare on lens

Cataract

65

Infection of sebaceous gland of outer eye

Stye

66

Inflammation of the conjunctiva

Conjunctivitis

67

Increased ocular pressure

Glaucoma

68

Dead tissue due to low blood flow (blind spots)

Diabetic Retinopathy

69

Macular cells die (central blind spot)

Macular degeneration

70

Inflammation of outer ear (swimmers ear)

Otitis externa

71

Fluid filled scar around ear

Keloid

72

Inflammation of the middle ear

Otitis media

73

Fibrosis of ear oscicles

Otosclerosis

74

Inflammation of the inner ear

Otitis interna

75

Dysfunction of vestibular system causing dizziness

Vertigo

76

Ringing in the ears

tinnitus

77

Hearing loss due to inner ear damage (tone def)

Sensory

78

Cranial nerve damage hearing loss

Neural hearing loss