Ch. 14 Organic Compounds W/ Oxygen Halogen Or Sulfer Flashcards Preview

CHE 1111 > Ch. 14 Organic Compounds W/ Oxygen Halogen Or Sulfer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 14 Organic Compounds W/ Oxygen Halogen Or Sulfer Deck (10):
1

What are the four families of organic compounds hat contain a carbon singly bonded to a heteroatom?

1. Alcohols (ROH)
2. Ethers (ROR)
3. Alkyl Halides (RX X=F, Cl, Br, I)
4. Thiols (RSH)

2

Alcohols contain a ______ group bonded to a tetrahedral carbon atom.

Hydroxyl (OH) group

3

Ethers have two _____ groups bonded to an oxygen atom.

Alkyl

4

Alkyl halides contain a _____ atom bonded to tetrahedral carbon.

Halogen including F, Cl, Br or I

5

Thiols contain a _____ group bonded to a tetrahedral carbon atom.

Sulfhydryl (SH)
Sulfur Hyrdrogen

6

This alcohol has an OH group on a carbon bonded to one other carbon.

Primary alcohol

7

This alcohol has an OH group on a carbon bonded to two other carbons.

Secondary alcohol

8

This alcohol has an OH group on a carbon bonded to three other carbons.

Tertiary alcohol

9

Because oxyge is more electronegative than carbon it hydrogen the C-O and C-H bonds are ____

Polar

10

Because alcohols have 2 polar bonds and a bent shape, it has a net______.

Dipole