Ch. 22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 22 Deck (19):
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cones

structure that contains male or female reproductive structures of cycads and other gymnosperm plants

1

vascular tissue

specialized transport tissue

2

seed

plant structure that contains an embryo, contains nutrients for the embryo, and is covered with a protective coat

3

stomata

openings in the outer cell layer of leaves and some stems

4

angiosperm

plants with cones that evolved before plants with flowers

5

bryophate

mosses

6

gymnosperm

plants with cones

7

roots

first structure to grow out of the seed when it sprouts; take in water and dissolved minerals that are transported to the rest of the plant

8

root cap

covers the tip of the root

9

stems

main body of stalk of a plant or shrub

10

leaves

original solar panels; capturing energy from sunlight in a biochemical process called photosynthesis

11

transpiration

water evaporates from the inside of a leaf to the outside through stomata

12

meristematic tissue

regions of rapidly dividing cells; produce cells

13

meristems

regions of rapidly diving cells

14

ground tissue

consist of parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma cells and have diverse functions (including photosynthesis, storage, and support)

15

dermal tissue

layer of cells that make up the outer covering on a plant

16

guard cells

the two cells that form the stomata

17

phloem

main food-carrying vascular tissue composed of specialized cells

18

flowers

the reproductive structures of anthrophytes