Chapter 7- Cells (Organelles) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7- Cells (Organelles) Deck (11):
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-both on some eukaryotic cell surfaces

-short, numerous projections that look like hairs

-longer and less numerous than ^

Cilia

Flagella

1

-fluid filled & membrane bound
-transport substances
-store water, starch, pigments, and toxic substances

Vacuole

2

-packages protons & lipids into vesicles
-produces lysosomes
-not connected to nucleus

Golgi Apparatus

3

-pleats & folds= large surface area where cellular functions can take place
-connected to nucleus
-ribosomes attached: rough
-ribosomes not attached: smooth

Endoplasmic Reticulum

4

-manufactured in nucleus by nucleoli
-consists of RNA & ribosomal protein
-translate genetic information chains & proteins

Ribosomes

5

-surrounded by nuclear envelope
-contains DNA

Nucleus

6

-converts food to usable energy
-carry out cellular respiration

Mitochondria

7

-function during cell division
-in animal cells & most protist
-near nucleus

Centrioles

8

-contain digestive enzymes
-important in breaking down food, cellular debris, and foreign invaders (like bacteria)

Lysosomes

9

-plant cells
-outside plasma membrane
-protects/supports cell

Cell wall

10

-only plant cells
-carry out photosynthesis
-contain chlorophyll, makes green color

Chloroplast