Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (14):
0

opposable first digit

a thumb or great toe

1

binocular vision

primates' eyes are protected by bony eye sockets, which created an overlapping field of vision

2

diurnal

primates who are active during the day

3

nocturnal

primates who are active at night and only see in black and white

4

arboreal

tree-dwelling animals

5

anthropoids

a group of large-brained, diurnal monkeys and hominoids

6

prehensile tail

functions like a fifth limb

7

hominins

human like primates that appear to be more closely related to present-day humNd than they are to present-day chimps and bonobos

8

hominoids

include all non monkey anthropoids

9

bipedal

animals that can walk upright on two legs

10

australopithecines

Lived in the east-central & southern parts of Africa between 4.2 and 1 m.y.a. Small and had apelike brains and jaws

11

homo

a genus which includes living and extinct

12

neanderthals

evolved exclusively in Europe and Asia about 200,000 years ago; likely from H. erectus for a homo intermidiary

13

cro-magnons

Early modern humans who were the first to fish, tailor clothing, and domesticate animals. Represent beginning of hunter-gatherer societies