Ch 6 Flashcards Preview

Sociology > Ch 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 6 Deck (30):
1

People who are in contact with one another, who share some way of thinking, feeling, and behaving; take one another's behavior into account and have one or more goals/interests in common

Groups

2

People who share social characteristics

Social category

3

People who happen to be at the same place at the same time

Social aggregate

4

People who are emotionally close, know one another well and seek another's company

Primary groups

5

Based on ties of affection and personal loyalty, involve many different aspects of people’s lives, and endure over long periods of time

Primary relationships

6

People come together to accomplish a specific purpose

Secondary groups

7

Impersonal interactions involving only limited parts of their personality

Secondary relationships

8

A group one uses to evaluate oneself, and from which one acquires attitudes, beliefs, values, and norms

Reference group

9

The group within one has membership

In-group

10

A group toward which one feels opposition, antagonism, or competition

Out-group

11

A web of social relationships that joins a person to other people and groups

Social network

12

A form of social interaction in which individuals or groups combine their efforts to reach some common goal

Cooperation

13

A form of social interaction in which individuals or groups work against one another to obtain a larger share of the valuables

Conflict

14

A form of social interaction in which individuals or groups are forced to give in to the will of other individuals or groups

Coercion

15

Behavior matching group expectations

Conformity

16

A situation in which pressures toward uniformity discourage members of a group from expressing their reservations about group decisions

Groupthink

17

A social structure deliberately created for the achievement of one or more goals

Formal organization

18

Formal organizations based on rationality and efficiency

Bureaucracies

19

The ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will

Power

20

Power accepted as legitimate by those subjected to it

Authority

21

A method that involves isolating the mast basic characteristics of some social entity

Ideal-type method

22

The solution of problems on the basis of logic, data, and planning rather than tradition and superstition

Rationalism

23

The situation that occurs when organizational rules and regulations become more important that organizational goals

Goal displacement

24

The situation that occurs when previous training prevents someone from adapting to new situations

Trained incapacity

25

Organizations based on rapid response to change rather than on the continuing implementation of established administrative principles

Organic-adaptive systems

26

A group in which personal relationships are guided by rules, rituals, and sentiments not provided for by the formal organization

Informal organization

27

The principle that power tends to become concentrated in the hands of a few members of any organized group

Iron law of oligarchy

28

The use of one's superior power in making unwelcome sexual advances

Sexual harassment

29

Consists of all the forces outside an organization that exert an actual or potential influence on the organization

Organizational environment

30

A pattern of interaction among authorized representatives of two or more formally independent organizations

Interorganizational relationship