Ch. 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 8 Deck (20):
1

The creation of layers (strats) of a population who possess unequal shares of scarce desirables

Social stratification

2

A segment of the population whose members hold a relatively similar share of scarce desirables and who share values, norms, and an identifiable lifestyle

Social class

3

Economics, power and prestige

Social dimensions of stratification

4

Members of a society who own the means for producing wealth

Bourgeoisie

5

Members of a society who labor for the bourgeoisie at subsistence wages

Proletariat

6

The likelihood of possessing the good things in life like health, happiness, education, wealth, legal protection and life itself

Life chances

7

The ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will

Power

8

Social recognition, respect, and admiration that a society attaches to a particular status

Prestige

9

A sense of identification with the goals and interests of the members of one's own social class

Class consciousness

10

People employed in low-skill jobs with the lowest pay who do not earn enough to rise out of poverty

Working poor

11

People typically unemployed who come from families with a history of unemployment for generations

Underclass

12

The absence of enough money to secure life's necessities

Absolute poverty

13

The designation of poverty resulting from a comparison of the economic condition of those at the bottom of a society with that of other segments of the population

Relative poverty

14

The trend toward more and more of the poor in the United States being women and children

Feminization of poverty

15

The movement of individuals or groups within a stratification structure

Social mobility

16

Social mobility that occurs from one generation to the next

Intergenerational mobility

17

A change from one occupation to another at the same general status level

Horizontal mobility

18

An upward or downward change in status level

Vertical mobility

19

The type of stratification structure in which there is no social mobility because social status is inherited and cannot subsequently be changed

Caste system

20

Mobility that occurs because of changes in the distribution of occupational opportunities

Structural mobility