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Flashcards in Ch 7 Deck (25):
1

Behavior that underconforms to accepted norms

Negative deviance

2

Behavior that overconforms to social expectations

Positive deviance

3

A person who violates one or more of society's most highly valued norm

Deviant

4

Means of promoting conformity to norms

Social control

5

A social condition in which norms are weak, conflicting, or absent

Anomie

6

The theory that that deviance is most likely to occur when there is a discrepancy between culturally prescribed goals and legitimate (socially approved) means of obtaining them

Strain theory

7

The theory that deviance is part of a subculture transmitted through socialization

Cultural transmission theory

8

The theory that deviant behavior is learned---that the more individuals are exposed to people who break the law, the more likely they are to become criminals

Differential association theory

9

A return to crime after prison

Recidivism

10

The theory that deviance exists when some members of a group or society label others as deviant

Labeling theory

11

Isolated acts of norm violation

Primary deviance

12

Deviance as a lifestyle and personal identity

Secondary deviance

13

An undesirable characteristic or label used by others to deny the deviant full social acceptance

Stigma

14

Any crime committed by respectable and high-status people in the course of their occupations

White-collar crime

15

Illegal acts by people in either their employment or their personal financial pursuits

Occupational crime

16

Crime committed on behalf organizations with illegal collusion by corporations

Corporate crime

17

Acts in violation of the law

Crime

18

Violations of the law committed by those under eighteen years of age

Juvenile crime

19

The illegal use of violence or threats of violence to intimidate a government, group, or individual in pursuit of a political, religious, economic, or social goal

Terrorism

20

Involves terrorists in one country committing terrorist acts against targets in another country

Transnational terrorism

21

Involves terrorists in a country targeting members of of their own country

Domestic terrorism

22

A system for controlling crime; comprised of police, courts, and corrections

Criminal justice systems

23

Intimidation of members of society into compliance with requirements of the legal system

Deterrence

24

The removal of criminals from society

Incarceration

25

The resocialization of criminals into conformity with the legal code of society

Rehabilitation