ch 7 Flashcards Preview

Gender Psych > ch 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in ch 7 Deck (23):
1

cognitive abilities

mental skills such as paying attention, reasoning, remembering, solving problems, speaking, and interpreting speech

2

intelligence

general mental ability

3

dualism

distinction of physical matter and consciousness

4

phrenology

measured the size of lumps on surface of the skull

5

flynn effect

IQ increases globally about three points per decade

6

factor analysis

identifies clusters of related scores

7

how does health factor into IQ

accounts for mens advantages as far as IQ, but odes not account for advantages for females cognitive tests

8

men and boys have better performance in what skill?

visual-spatial

9

Mental rotation

ability ot rotate an object in one's mind

10

what sex is better at mental rotation?

males

11

why are researches so interested in metal rotation?

its needed for male dominated careers--like architecture and engineering

12

spatial perception and visualization

perceive, understand, and remember spatial relations between objects

13

what sex is better at spatial perception and visualization

boys a little, and grows into a stronger difference as peeps get older

14

grater male variability hypothesis

sex differences will be more pronounced in the high and lo tails of distribution--males are disproportionately represented at both ends of the cognitive ability distribution

15

are boys or girls more likely to be diagnosed with developmental disorders?

boys

16

stereotype threat

when reminded of the negative stereotype of a certain group, you get anxiety because you believe the stereotypes may be true

17

hwo does stereotype threat fuck u up

disrupts working memory capacity

18

who is less likely ot take a guess on a test questions

women

19

women get better grades in college but....

get lower SAT scores

20

achievement motivation

need ot meet goals and accomplish tasks

21

how does this impact girls in math

girls feel less motivated to persist in math, and are more likely to accept failure in math than boys

22

how do men and women react differently to feedback?

-men think of it as a competition, so they accept compliments and deny negative remarks
-women see it as a evaluation, so they listen to both to improve their performance

23

effort based learning does what ??

pushes kids to strive for better grade (japan out preformed US) regardless of their actual interest