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Flashcards in Ch. 8 - 12 Review Deck (120)
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During the closing seconds of a basketball game, an athlete’s team is down by one point and he has been awarded two free throw shots. The player is apprehensive about the outcome of the game. Which of the following best describes the athlete’s situation?
a. He will not be able to make the free throws.
b. He is experiencing state anxiety.
c. He is in control of his arousal.
d. His anxiety will improve his

b. He is experiencing state anxiety.


An Olympic weight lifter attempting a personal record is able to ignore the audience to con- centrate solely on her performance. Which of the following abilities is this athlete most likely using to perform the exercise?
a. selective attention
b. somatic anxiety
c. successive approximation
d. dissociation

a. selective attention


Prior to performing the long jump, an athlete reviews and concentrates on the technique required to jump as far as possible. Which of the following strategies is the athlete using to prepare for the jump?
a. focus on task-relevant cues
b. reliance on experience
c. association
d. trait anxiety

a. focus on task-relevant cues


Which of the following is MOST important to
achieve the ideal performance state?
a. fear of failure
b. analyzing performance
c. broad focus on the activity and the
d. personal control

d. personal control


An athlete’s desire to perform to his or her potential is an example of
a. the motive to avoid failure.
b. dissociation.
c. intrinsic motivation.
d. achievement motivation.

c. intrinsic motivation


For a high school American football team, if any player squats two times his body weight, his name is placed on the wall. This is an example of
a. negative reinforcement.
b. positive reinforcement.
c. negative punishment.
d. positive punishment.

b. positive reinforcement


Howdoesanathlete’soptimallevelofarousal change with limited skill and ability to perform the activity?
a. It increases.
b. It decreases.
c. It has no effect.
d. It is not related to the activity.

b. it decreases


All of the following are ingredients that qualify as dietary supplements in the United States EXCEPT
a. EAAs.
b. vitamin C.
c. milk.
d. iodine.

c. milk


Allofthefollowingdescribecaffeine’srolein improving athletic performance EXCEPT
a. increased power production.
b. decreased glycogen depletion.
c. increased fat oxidation.
d. decreased urine production.

d. decreased urine production


Which of the following are the MOST closely linked in a logarithmic relationship?
I. intake of anabolic steroids
II. intake of androstenedione
III. increase in lean body mass
IV. increase in endogenous androgen

Intake of anabolic steroids
Increase in lean body mass


Which of the following substances has been shown by multiple research studies to improve strength performance?
a. androstenedione
b. creatine
c. L-carnitine
d. chromium

b. creatine


Which of the following is the BEST reason for aerobic endurance athletes to avoid erythro- poietin use?
a. Hematocrit and hemoglobin levels may decrease.
b. It may cause an unregulated increase in RBC production.
c. Resistance to infectious disease may be impaired.
d. It may reduce the ability of blood to carry oxygen.

b. it may cause an unregulated increase in RBC production


Which of the following proteins has an amino acid profile MOST similar to the body’s needs?
a. soy
b. egg
c. wheat
d. rice

b. egg


Which of the following BEST explains the requirement for increased protein intake by athletes?
a. decreased protein oxidation during aerobic exercise
b. increased need for tissue repair
c. restriction of calories to lose weight
d. the quality of protein consumed

b. increased need for tissue repair


Which of the following has the GREATEST influence on an athlete’s dietary carbohydrate requirement?
a. current average daily fat intake
b. body size and body fat percentage
c. type, duration, and frequency of exercise
d. resting blood sugar levels

c. type, duration and frequency of exercise


Which of the following BEST describes dietary
fat consumption?
a. It should be less than 15% of total calories for healthy athletes.
b. It should never be higher than 40% of total calories.
c. Its restriction can be harmful to health and performance.
d. It is not an essential nutrient.

c. its restriction can be harmful to health and performance


Which of the following is characteristic of anorexia nervosa?
a. normal body weight
b. very low dietary fat intake
c. preoccupation with food
d. secretive eating

c. preoccupation with food


When an eating disorder is suspected, the strength and conditioning professional should
a. monitor the athlete’s daily food intake.
b. require frequent weigh-ins.
c. encourage further assessment by an
eating disorder specialist.
d. provide nutritional information.

c. encourage further assessment by an eating disorder specialist


The experience of apprehension and uncontrolled arousal.

State Anxiety


A personality characteristic, which represents a latent disposition to perceive situations as threatening.

Trait Anxiety


Type of anxiety where the more an athlete experiences it, the worse their performance gets, especially when performance depends on complex decision making

Cognitive Anxiety


Relatively uncontrolled physiological arousal, which is influenced by cognitive anxiety, but can increase performance unless the cognitive anxiety is significant.

Somatic Anxiety


A continuum of psychological intensity that is not manifested as apprehension and uncertainty, but rather as a sense of activation and focus - usually positively related to sports performance unless complex decision-making tasks are involved that require lower levels of psychological arousal.

Psychic Arousal or Energy


A psychological neural intensity dimension of physical arousal. Extreme levels aid activities requiring heightened energy metabolism, especially those relying primarily on the ATP-creatine phosphate and glycolytic pathways.

Physiological arousal


-Any disruption from homeostasis or mental and physical calm.
Negative - _________
Positive - _________

Negative - DISTRESS
Positive - EUSTRESS


The ability to focus _________ on task-relevant cues and to control distraction is a skill that can be ________.

(can be) Learned


Level of focus referring to the suppression of task-irrelevant stimuli and thoughts.

Selective Attention


____ _______ _____ - Relevant & irrelevant cues come to the athlete's awareness.
________ ______ ______ - The athlete experiences more focus because of the exclusion of task-irrelevant cues.
____ _____ ______ _____ - The athlete may not notice task-relevant cues.

Low Arousal Level - (relevant & irrelevant)
Moderate Arousal Level - (more focused)
Too High Arousal Level - (miss relevant cues)


(Attentional Styles) Ability to effectively manage many environmental stimuli simultaneously

Broad External Attentional Focus


(Attentional Styles) Tendency to be confused because of the intake of too many stimuli.

Overloaded by External Stimuli