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Flashcards in CH2 Deck (27):
1

______ are statements or explainations regarding why to or more facts are related to each other and the connection between the two facts.

Theory

2

______ are reasonable, educated guesses about how variables are related to each other including causal relationships.

Hypotheses

3

______ are concepts that can vary in frequency or occurence from one time, place, or preson to another.

Variables

4

The ______ ____ is used when sociologist want to gather information directly from a number of people regarding how they think or feel or what they do.

Survey Method

5

______ is a relationship between variables with change in one variable associaed with change in another.

Correlation

6

_____-__-_____ ________ occur when the is a relationship between variables so that one variable stimulates a change in another but not necessarily the other way around.

Cause and effect relationship

7

_____ ________ occur when there is no causal relationship between the independent and dependent variables, but they vary together, often due to a third variable affecting both of them

Spurious Relationship

8

_____ are steps used by researchers to eliminate all variables except those related to he hypothesis.

Controls

9

_____ _____ involve systematic, planned observation and recording of interactions or human behavior in natural settings.

Observation Studies

10

In ______, all variables except te one being studied are controlled.

Experimens

11

________ _____ is the group exposed to the variable and is being tested.
____ ____ is not exposed to variable.

Experimental Group
Control Group

12

_______ _____ refer to ue of materials that already exist
______ ______ uses existing data that has been collected by other sources.

Existing Sources
Secondary Analysis

13

______ ______ is the systematic categorization and recording of informatino from written or recorded sources.

Content Analysis

14

______ is the utilization of two or more methods of data collection to enhance the amount and type of data for analysis.

Triangulation.

15

A ______ is a group of systematically chosen people in suvey research who represent a much larger group.

Sample

16

Comte believed that _____ ____ are aspects of society that give rise to order, and ____ ___ are change and evolution in society.

Social Statics
Social Dynamics

17

______ ____ is fact fining for science's sake.

Scientific Sociology

18

_____ ____ emphasizes the way humans create and interpret meaning.

Humanistic Sociolgy

19

______ ______ strive to better understand how society operates and to make practical use of their findings.

Public Sociologists

20

A _____ _____ is a basic view of society that guides sociologists' ideas and research. They are the broadest theories in sociology.

Theoretical Perspectives

21

______ _____ ______ sees humans as active agents who create shared meanings of events and symbols and then interact on the basis of those meanings.
They make use of ____, actions or objects that represent something else and therefor have meaning beyond their own existence.

Symbolic Interaction Perspective

22

The ____ ____ _______ states that humans are fundamentally concerned with self-interests main rational decisions based on weighing costs and rewards of the projected outcome.

Rational Choice Perspective

23

_____-____ _______ assumes that all parts of the social structure, the culture, and social processes work together to make the whole society run smoothly and harmoniously.

Structural-Functional Perspective

24

______ _____ are the planned outcomes of social organization.
_____ ____ are unplanned consequences of actions or of social structures.
______ are actions that undermine the stability or equilibrium of society.

Manifest Functions
Latent Functions
Dysfunctions

25

____ ____ contends that conflict is inevitable in any group or society.

Conflict Perspective

26

_____ ____ critiques the hierarchical power structures, which treat women and other minorities unfairly.

Feminist Perspective

27

______ is the idea of multiple identities (race, class, gender).

Intersectionality