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Flashcards in CH5 Deck (31):
1

______ ______ refer to individuals linked together by one or more social relationships connecting them to the larger society.

Social Networks

2

______ _____ consists of two or more individuals purposefully relating to each other.

Social Interaction

3

______ ________ are interactions without words using facial expressions, the head, eye contact, body posture, gestures, touch, walk, status symbols, and personal space.

Nonverbal Communication

4

_______ is analyzing life as a play or drama on a stage, with scripts and props and scenes to be played. It is a tool in understanding the interaction process from a symbolic perspective.

Dramaturgy

5

_______ _____ is a process by which people hope to create an impression that works to their advantage. It is a tool in understanding the interaction process from a symbolic perspective.

Impression Managment

6

A _______ _____ is a social position in society.

Social Status

7

______ ____ are statuses assigned at birth and do not change during an individual's lifetime.

Ascribed Statuses

8

_____ ______ are statuses chosen or earned by decisions one makes and sometimes by personal ability

Achieved Status

9

An individual's status that is most important and take precedence over all others is called a _____ ______

Master Status

10

____ are the expected behaviors, rights, obligations, responsibilities, and privileges assigned to a social status.

Roles

11

_____ ______ is tension between roles within one of the statuses.

Role Strain

12

____ _________ is tension between roles of two or more social statuses.

Role Conflict

13

_____ are units involving two or more people who interact with each other because of shared common interests goals, experiences, and needs.

Groups

14

______ is the state of normlessness that occurs when the rules for behavior in a society break under extreme stress from rapid social change or conflict.

Anomie

15

_____ ______ occurs when the individual feels little social bond to the group or society and lacks ties such as family and friends. It is a result of personal despair.

Egoistic Suicide

16

______ ______ occurs when a society or one of its parts is in disorder or turmoil and lacks clear norms and guidelines for social behavior.

Anomic Suicide

17

_______ ______ occurs when the individual has such a strong bond to a group they they feel more obligations to the group than their individual survival.

Altruistic Suicide

18

_______ ____ are characterized by cooperation among people in close, intimate relationships mostly in micro level.

Primary Groups

19

________ ____ are those with formal, impersonal and businesslike relationships, often temporary, and based on a specific limited purpose or goal.

Secondary Groups

20

______ ____ are composed of members who act as role models and establish standards against which members measure their conduct.

Reference Groups

21

An __-_____ is one to which an individual feels a sense of loyalty and belonging.

In-Group

22

An __-____ is one to which an individual does not belong, but more than that, it is a group that is often in competition or opposition to.

Out-Group

23

Max Weber called _________ _ _____ ___ is the attempt to maximize efficiency by creating rules and procedures focused solely on accomplishing goals.

Rationalization of Social Life

24

_______ ____ are comprised of complex secondary groups deliberately formed to pursue and achieve certain goals.

Formal Organizations

25

_______ are specific types of very large formal organizations that have the purpose of maximizing efficiency. They are characterized by formal relations between participants, clearly laid-out procedures and rules, and pursuit of stated goals.

Bureaucracies

26

Weber's concept of the _____-___ ________ refers to the dominant and essential characteristics of our modern organization that are designed for reliability and efficiency.

Ideal-type Beureaucracy

27

Ideal Type Bureaucracy:
_____ _ _____ is based on technical competence
_______ _______ with channels of communication
_____ ____ and _____ that are written procedures/guidelines
______ relationships based on formal interactions
Emphasis on ______ and _____
Provisions of ______ ______

Division of Labor
Administrative Hierarchy
Formal Rules and Regulations
Impersonal
Rationality and Efficiency
Lifelong Careers

28

Weber's _______ ____ includes unwritten norms and the interpersonal networks within an organization.

Informal Structure

29

________ is the feeling of being uninvolved, uncommitted, unappreciated, and unconnected to the group or the society.

ALienation

30

_______ is the concentration of power in the hands of a small group.

Oligarchy

31

_____ _____ occurs when the original motives or goals of the organization are displaced by new secondary goals.

Goal Displacement