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Flashcards in CH7 Deck (31):
1

_____ ______ is how individuals and groups are layered or ranked in society according to how many valued resources they posses.

Social Stratificaion

2

______ ______ is knowledge and access to important information in the society such as values that children learn at home and bring to school.

Cultural Capita

3

________ _______ are networks with others who have influence.

Social Capita

4

The _____ _______ perspective states that each social group has norms that members learn that transmit and perpetuate our social class.

Symbolic Interaction

5

The ______ _____ perspective states that people engage in delayed gratification if they think the "pain" they undergo now, is worth the payoff later.

Rational Choice

6

The ______ ______ perspective states that stratification is necessary to a society because it motivates and structures groups.

Structural-Functionalist

7

The 3 Reasons Stratification Exists in Structural-Functionalist Perspective:
_____ of ______
_________
______ ______

Value of Position
Preparation
Unequal Rewards

8

The _______ perspective states that stratification is the outcome of struggles for dominance and scarce resources, with one group taking advantage of others.

Conflict

9

3 'P's of Conflict Perspective Stratification
______
______
________

Power
Prestige
Property

10

The _______ theory takes from both conflict and structural-functionalist and states:
People must cooperate to survive but conflicts of interest occur; valued items and status are always in demand and always in short supply; there is likely to be a struggle over those goods; customs or traditions in a society prevail over rational criteria in determining distribution of resources.

Evolutionary

11

____ ____ refer to one's opportunities based on both achieved and ascribed status in society.

Life Chances

12

_____, ______, _______ ______, and _____ _____ are all parts of individual life chances

Education, Health, Social Conditions, Life Expectancy

13

A ______ includes attitudes, values, beliefs, behavior patterns, and other aspects of your place in the world that have been shaped by socialization.

Lifestyle

14

_______ _______ is when a highly prestigious status receives a low income.

Status Inconsistency

15

______ _____ refers to the extent of individual movement up or down in the class system, changing one's social position.

Social Mobility

16

__________ ____ refers to change in class status compared to one's parents.

Intergenerational Mobility

17

_______ _____ is moving from a position at the same class level

Horizontal Mobility

18

________ _____ is change within a position in a single individuals life.

Intragenerational Mobility

19

_____ _____ is movement up or down in the hierarchy and sometimes involves changing social classes.

Vertical Mobility

20

A _______ is where positions are allocated in a social group or organization according to individual's abilities and credentials.

Meritocracy

21

What Affects Mobility
_______
_________
________
______ and _____
_______ ____

Family
Economy
Population
Gender and Ethnicity
Global Economy

22

_______ __________ _____ are systems where characteristics beyond the control of the individual determine one's position in society.

Ascribed Stratification Systems

23

_________ ____________ ______ are systems in which individuals can earn positions through their abilities and efforts

Achieved Stratification Systems

24

_____ ______ are the most rigid ascribed stratification systems in which individuals are born into a status and retain it throughout life. It is deeply embedded in religious, political, and economic norms.

Caste Systems

25

_____ ___ are characterized by the concentration of economic and political power in the hands of a small minority of political-military elite with the peasants tied to the land.

Estate Systems

26

_____ _____ allow individuals the possibility to earn positions through their ability, efforts, and choices.

Class Systems

27

A _____ ____ ____ is a model in which power is held by top leaders in corporations, politics, and the military. These elites make major decisions guiding nations.

Power Elite Model

28

______ _____ of _____ is model where power is not held exclusively by an elite group but is shared among many power centers, each of which has its own self-interest to protect.

Pluralist Model of Power

29

______ ____ is poverty where one has no resources to meet basic needs, nor prestige, nor access to power

Absolute Poverty

30

_______ ____ occurs when one's income falls below the poverty line, resulting in an inadequate standard of living in that country.

Relative Poverty

31

The ____ _____ is the gap between those with knowledge and access to information technology and those without.

Digital DIvide