Ch.2&3 Doing Cultural Anthropology/The Idea of Culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.2&3 Doing Cultural Anthropology/The Idea of Culture Deck (20)
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1

Arm-chair anthropologist?

An anthropologist that does not partake in an anthropologists' duties

2

Who was Franz Boas?

The first professor of anthropology at Columbia University.

3

Who was Malinowski?

Developed a form of ethnography centered on empathetic understanding of native life ways and analyzing culture

4

Culture shock?

Feelings of alienation and helplessness that result from rapid immersion in a new and different culture

5

HRAF?

(Human Relations Area Files)
Attempt on cross culture analysis

6

Postmodernism?

A theoretical perspective focusing on issues of power and voice

7

Code of ethics?

Outlines the mission and values of a certain business/organization- in this case, anthropology

8

Human rights?

A right that every person is entitled to

9

Culture?

The sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another

10

Who developed the earliest definition of culture?

Edward Burnett Taylor

11

Symbol?

Something that stands for something else

12

Enculturation?

The process of learning how to become a proper member of a particular cultural group

13

Culture/personality theory?

Explained relationships between childrearing customs and human behaviors in different societies

14

Industrial production factors?

Are based on the monthly raw volume of goods

15

Ethnobotony?

The scientific study of the traditional knowledge and customs of a people concerning plants and their medical, religious, and other uses

16

Ethnological functionalism?

A (theoretical) perspective that holds that the ways in which cultural institutions work can be understood by examining their effects on the environment

17

Norms?

An ideal cultural pattern that influences behavior in a society

18

Values

A culturally defined idea of what is true, right, and beautiful.

19

Subcultures?

A system of perceptions, values, beliefs and customs that are significantly different from those of a large, dominant culture within the same society

20

Adaptation?

A change in the biological structure or lifeways of an individual/population by which it becomes better fitted to survive and reproduce in its environment