Ch.4 Communication Flashcards Preview

Cultural Anthropology > Ch.4 Communication > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.4 Communication Deck (11)
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1

Call system?

The form of communication among nonhuman primates- limited number of sounds used

2

Displacement?

The capacity of all human languages to describe things not happening in the present

3

Human speech?

The vocalized form of communication based upon the syntactic combination of lexicals and names that are drawn from very vocabularies

4

Universal grammar?

A basic set of principles, conditions, and rules that underlie all languages

5

Subsystems of languages?

•phonetics
•phonology
•morphology
•lexicology
•syntax
•discourse analysis
•semantics.

6

Phoneme?

The smallest significant unit of sound in a language

7

Language/culture relationship?

Language is used to maintain and convey culture and cultural ties. Different ideas stem from differing language use within one's culture and the whole intertwining of these relationships start at one's birth

8

Socio linguistics?

The study of language in relation to social factors, including differences of regional, class, and occupational dialect, gender differences, and bilingualism

9

Dialect?

Grammatical constructions that deviate from those used by socially dominant groups in society

10

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?

The hypothesis that perceptions and understandings of time, space, and matter are conditioned by the structure of a language

11

Food-getting strategies?

•foraging
•horticulture
•pastoralism
•agriculture