Memory Bus Defined
Connects the MCH to the RAM slots aka address bus.
SATA defined with speed (1st,2nd,3rd Gen)
1. Serial ATA
2. 1st Gen: 1.5 Gb/sec
3. 2nd Gen: 3.0Gb/sec
4. 3rd Gen: 6.0 Gb/sec
Before installing a motherboard, what should you do?
Employ ESD prevention methods.
Chip in charge of the connection to all the secondary controllers such as USB, SATA,Firewire, etc.
A computer you are troubleshooting won't boot properly. When you power on the computer, the video display is blank, and you hear a series of beeps. What should you do?
Consult the vendor documentation for the motherboard to determine the beep code that is being played.
Basic Input Output Systems (BIOS) code that resides on EEPROM chip that identifies, tests, and initializes components of system and points to operating system.
Direct Media Interface which was Intel's link between Northbridge and processor.
Power on Self-Test; first part of bootstrapping process.
Indicates problems through use of beep codes.
Seven Steps in the A+ Motherboard Installation Process
1. Select the motherboard.
2. Employ ESD Prevention Methods.
3. Ready the case.
4. Install the motherboard.
5. Connect the cables.
6. Install or re-install components.
7. Test the installation.
What voltage does an orange pin indicate.
What can be used by the CPU to communicate with the system memory?
Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) stores contents of the BIOS's findings and settings.
To implement a secure boot process, which defvice should be listed first in the Boot Device Priority Screen?
What motherboard component can a PCIe x16 slot connect ?
Battery type that powers CMOS / BIOS
CR2032 Lithium Battery.
Four Motherboard Form Factors
A+ Method of Flashing BIOS (4)
1. Identify the BIOS you are running.
2. Download the BIOS from secure website.
3. Select the method of BIOS updating.
4. Flash the BIOS.
What motherboard form factor measures 12 inches x 9.6 inches ?
How can you reset a forgotten BIOS supervisory password?
Remove the battery.
Which expansion bus uses lanes to transfer data?
Which component supplies power to the CMOS when the computer is off?
CR2032 Lithium Battery
Chip in charge of the connection to high data transfer devices such as PCI Express video cards and RAM.
Memory controller hub aka Northbridge.
Identify the Expansion Buses
You just rebooted a PC and it displays a black screen with a white blinking underscore on the top left.
What is most likely the problem?
Incorrect boot order in the BIOS
Intel's newer more power version of Direct Media Interface (DMI)
microATX Size and Identifying Characteristic
1. 9.6 in x 9.6 in
2. Smaller than ATX but backward compatible to it.
IDE Defined with Speed
1. Integrated Drive Electronics interfaces using 40 pin.
2. 133 MB/s
Identify the Expansion Buses
1. PCIe x16
2. PCIe x1
BTX Size and Identifying Characteristic
1. 12.8 in x 10.5 in
2. RAM slots and expansion slots are parallel to each other.
PCIe defined with speeds
1. Peripheral Component Interconnect Express
2. v1: 250MB/sec per lane
3. v2: 500 MB/sec per lane.
4. v3: 1GB/sec per lane.
AGP Defined with speeds. (1x,2x,4x,8x)
1. Accelerated Graphics Port
2. 1x: 266 MB/sec. data rate
3. 2x: 533MB/sec. data rate
4: 4x: 1GB/sec. data rate.
5. 8x: 2 GB/sec. data rate.
1. Personal Computer Memory Card International Association.
2. Succeeded by ExpressCard slots.
How can you tell if a lithium battery has been discharged?
Use a multimeter; anything below 2 V is no good.
Quick path interconnect which was AMDs connection between Northbridge and Processor.
A PC reboots without warning. You ruled out any chance of viruses. When you look at the motherboard, you see that some of the capacitors appear distended and out of shape. What should you do?
Replace the motherboard.
ITX Size and Identifying Characteristic
1. 60mm to 6.7in x 60mm to 6.7 in (depending on version)
2. Designed for HTPCs (home theater), UMPCs (ultra-mobile) and smartphones.
Intel DP35DP Motherboard Components.
1. IDE Controller
2. ICH (I/O Controller Hub) aka Southbridge
3. MCH (Memory Controller Hub) aka Northbridge.
4. Processor socket LGA775
ATX Size and Identifying Characteristic
1. Size: 12in x 9.6 in.
2. RAM Slot and expansion slots are perpendicular to each other.
Two Types of Drives on Modern Motherboards
Five voltages (with connector pin colors) supplied to ATX Motherboard by power supply
1. +3.3 V (Orange)
2. +5 V (Red)
3. +12 V (Yellow)
4. -12 V (Blue)
5. +5 V standby (Purple)
Two serial wires working bidirectionally which are used in Direct Media Interfaces (DMIs)
Three Bus Types on Motherboard
1. Front-side Bus
2. Memory Bus
3. PCI Express x16 Interface
Name Three Serial Expansion Technologies
2. IEEE 1394
PCI Defined with speed.
1. Peripheral Component Interconnect.
2. PCI 2.1: 266 MB/sec.
Intel DP67DE Motherboard Components.
1. Expansion Bus Slots.
2. Port Cluster.
3. 4 Pin CPU Power Connector
4. Processor Socket.
5. P67 Express Chipset PCH.
6. RAM Slots.
7. CR2032 Lithium Battery.
8. SATA Connectors.
9. 24-Pin ATX Power Connector.
What is the term for how the BIOS readies the computer and initiates the booting of the operating system?
PCI Express x16 Interface
Connects the MCH to the PCIe x16 slot.
Name two possible common reasons for motherboard failure?
1. Power Surge
2. Manufacturer Defect.
Six Expansion Buses
Which chipset chip has be interegrated into the CPU in modern motherboards?
I/O Controller Hub aka Southbridge.
AMR / CNR Defined
1. Intel's audio / modem riser (amr) expansion slot
2. CNR was successor to AMR; neither user anymore.
Front-Side Bus Defined.
Connects MCH to the processor socket.
Process by which BIOS boots the machine to an operating system.
What standard does IDE use for its drives?
Utilizes the Parallel ATA (PATA) standard.
What size cables does IDE use?
Cables can use 40 or 80 pins.
What Motherboard Components can the PCIe Bus Interface With?
Can connect to North (faster PCIe's) or Southbridge (slower PCIe's)
What does the x in the PCIe name stand for?
The number of lanes on the card.
What is the bus width for AGP
Parallel based with 32 bit bus width
Does the PCI connect to North or Southbridge
What PCI format is used for servers and laptops?
1. PCI-X used for servers.
2. Mini-PC used for laptops.