Changing Urban Environments: Squatter Settlements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Changing Urban Environments: Squatter Settlements Deck (22)
1

What are SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS?

Built illegally in and around the city.
By people who can't afford proper housing.

2

Name 2 counties which squatter settlements are a problem in?

Brazil - San Paulo
India - Mumbai

3

If most people have moved from the COUNTRYSIDE to the CITY what are they called?

Rural-Urban migrants.

4

Describe the SQUATTER SETTLEMENTS?

Badly built.
Overcrowded.

5

What basic SERVICES don't squatter settlements have?

Electricity.
Sewage.

6

Brasil they are called...

Favelas

7

Other places call them...

Shanty towns.
Slums.

8

What do squatter settlements LACK?

Policing.
Medical services.
Fire fighting.

9

Life expectancy is...

Lower than the main city.

10

Describe the jobs within the settlements?

Aren't taxed or monitored by the government.

11

What part of the ECONOMY are they referred as?

Informal sector.

12

3 ways to improve the settlements?

Self-help schemes.
Site and service schemes.
Local authority schemes.

13

What do the self-help schemes do?

Involve government and local people working together to improve lives.

14

What does the government supply?

Building materials for local people to build homes.

15

What do the site and service schemes do?

people pay a small amount of rent and borrow money for building materials.

16

What do the local authority schemes do?

Funded by local people.
Improving the temporary accommodation.

17

An example of a local authority scheme?

City of Rio, spent $120M on the Favela- Bairro project.

18

Name the characteristics of squatter settlements.

Little space between houses.
No electricity or phone lines.
Houses built from waste material like plastic sheets.
No paved roads or sewers.

19

How is life dangerous in squatter settlements?

Don't have access to running water, proper sewers or electricity.

20

Many inhabitants work within settlements doing what?

Working factories or shops.

21

What do people working in the informal sector do?

Work long hard hours.
Little pay.

22

Squatter settlements govern themselves in what way?

More successfully that you might expect.
Strong community spirit.

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